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Persistence of seroconversion at 6 months following primary immunisation in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases

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  • Handling editor Josef S Smolen

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  • LW and EWS contributed equally.

  • Contributors All authors met the criteria for authorship set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. TR, MS, SK, JK, AEB and OC did the serological assays; all other authors contributed in data acquisition. LW, EWS, TWK and FE wrote the first draft of the manuscript. LW and EWS did the data analyses. EWS, LW, PJKvD and LYK had full access to and verified the underlying data. All authors helped to revise the manuscript for important intellectual content and had final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication.

  • Funding This study was supported by ZonMw (The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development, grant 10430072010007).

  • Disclaimer The sponsor had no role in the design, analyses or reporting of the study.

  • Competing interests FE and TWK report (governmental) grants from ZonMw to studyimmune response after SARS-Cov-2 vaccination in autoimmune diseases. FE also reports grants from Prinses Beatrix Spierfonds, CSL Behring, Kedrion, Terumo BCT, Grifols, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company, and GBS-CIDP Foundation; consulting fees from UCB Pharma and CSlBehring; and honoraria from Grifols. AJvdK reports grants from CSLBehring and participation on an advisory board for Argen-X. ML reports agrant from Galapagos not related to this study, and honoraria from BristolMyers Squibb, Pfizer, Takeda and Tillotts. PIS is involved in clinical trials with many pharmaceutical industries that manufacture drugs used for the treatment of, for example, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, for which financial compensation is paid to the department or hospital, and is achief investigator of the TREAT NL registry taskforce and SECURE-AD registry. MWB is a secretary for the Dutch Experimental Dermatology Board; head of the pigmentary disorders group within the Dutch Dermatology Board; and reports honoraria from Pfizer, Sanofi, Novartis, and Fondation René Touraine. JK has speaking relationships with MerckSerono, Biogen Idec, TEVA, Sanofi, Genzyme, Roche and Novartis; received financial support to his institution for researchactivities from Merck Serono, Bayer Shcering Pharma, Biogen Idec, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Roche, Teva, Sanofi, Genzyme and Novartis. BH reports unpaid positions as a medical adviser for several patient groups, aboard position for ERN-SKIN, and associate editor for The British Journalof Dermatology; reports grants from AbbVIe, Akari Therapeutics, Celgene and Novartis; consulting fees from UCB Pharma, Novartis, and Janssen; and honoraria from AbbVie. JJGMV reports consulting fees from Argenx, Alexion and NMD Pharma, and is a coinventor on patent applicationsbased on MuSK-related research. DJH reportsgrants from AbbVie, AstraZeneca, Janssen, LEO Pharma and UCB; honoraria from AbbVie, Galderma, Janssen, Lilly, Pfizer, Sanofi, and UCB; and a paid position on an advisory board for BIOMAP IMI. PAvD participated on an advisory board for Octapharma. PvP reports grantsfrom Alexion Pharma and GSK, and participation on advisory boards for GSK and Vifor Pharma. GRAMD’H reports consulting fees from AbbVie, Agomab, AstraZeneca, AM Pharma, AMT, Arena Pharmaceuticals, BristolMyers Squibb, Boehringer Ingelheim, Celltrion, Eli Lilly, ExeliomBiosciences, Exo Biologics, Galapagos, Index Pharmaceuticals, Kaleido, Roche, Gilead, GSK, Gossamerbio, Pfizer, Immunic, Johnson and Johnson, Origo, Polpharma, Procise Diagnostics, Prometheus Laboratories, Prometheus Biosciences, Progenity and Protagonist; honoraria from AbbVie, Arena, Galapagos, Gilead, Pfizer, Bristol MyersSquibb and Takeda; and participation on advisory boards for AbbVie, Seres Health, Galapagos, and AstraZeneca. RBT reports honoraria fromSobi and Norgine, and participation on an advisory board for Norgine. SHG is a board member of the Dutch Society of Clinical Neurophysiology (unpaid), reports grants from Prinses Beatrix Spierfonds, and receivedspeaker fees from Shire/Takeda. KAHZ reports paid data safetymonitoring board positions for Torrent and Foresee.

  • Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research. Refer to the Methods section for further details.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.