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ASAS-EULAR recommendations for the management of axial spondyloarthritis: 2022 update
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  • Published on:
    Correspondence on “ASAS-EULAR recommendations for the management of axial spondyloarthritis: 2022 update” by Ramiro et al.
    • Mislav Radic, Rheumatologist Internal Medicine Department, Rheumatology, Allergology, and Clinical Immunology Division, University Hospital of Split, CRO

    The recent Spondyloarthritis international Society-European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (ASAS-EULAR) recommendations provided a comprehensive update on the management of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). (1) The 15 recommendations were agreed upon with two relevant updates and two newly formulated. Recommendation 9 was updated based on systematic literature review from 2016 up to January 1st, 2022, to include targeted synthetic DMARDs (tsDMARDs, ie, Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi)) for patients with persistently high disease activity despite conventional treatments, where current practice is to start therapy with biological DMARDs (bDMARDs), tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) or interleukin-17 inhibitors (IL-17i). (1, 2) The new therapeutic option is appreciated by physicians and patients as previously bDMARDs were the only option in patients with persistently high disease activity despite conventional treatments and the current practice was to start with TNFi therapy. (3) At the time of formulation of the recommendation data from only four phase 2/3 randomized controlled trials (RCT) in radiographic axSpA were available (N = 779). (2) Since the recommendation was published upadacitinib was approved by European Medicines Agency (EMA) for non-radiographic axSpA based on the data from a phase 3 SELECT-AXIS 2 trial. (1, 4) Additionally due to the safety signals seen with tofacitinib in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), until additional data becomes available a note...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.