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  1. S. Parisi1,
  2. A. Becciolini2,
  3. M. C. Ditto1,
  4. A. Ariani2,
  5. A. Ianniello3,
  6. M. Priora4,
  7. M. Paroli5,
  8. C. Realmuto1,
  9. C. L. Peroni1,
  10. C. M. Centanaro Di Vittorio1,
  11. R. Degiovanni1,
  12. A. Laganà1,
  13. E. Fusaro1
  1. 1Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Città Della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Rheumatology Unit, Turin, Italy
  2. 2Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Parma, Department of Medicine, Internal Medicine and Rheumatology Unit, Parma, Italy
  3. 3Azienda Sanitaria Locale Novara, Rheumatology Unit, Novara, Italy
  4. 4Department of General and Specialist Medicine, Rheumatology Unit, Mondovì, Italy
  5. 5Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Polo Pontino, Latina, Italy


Background AntiTNF-α biosimilars are broadly available for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. There are a lot of data concerning the maintenance of clinical efficacy after switching from originators to biosimilars. However, there is lack of data on the switch between biosimilars. The current evidence on the safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of switching multiple times from a biosimilar to another biosimilar comes from a limited number of randomized-controlled trials and real world evidence studies.

Objectives The aim of our work was to evaluate the disease activity trend after multiple switching from ADA originator-Humira (oADA) to its biosimilars (bsADA; ABP 501 and SB5 subsequently) in a cohort of inflammatory arthritis patients.

Methods In this real-life study, we selected patients with clinical diagnosis of rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Patients had been previously treated with oADA and switched to the bsADA (first ABP 501 and then SB5). At each outpatient visit, we recorded demographic features (age, sex, and time since diagnosis) and the following disease activity measures: DAS28, DAPSA, BASDAI and the HAQ. Rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA), C-reactive protein (CRP) and HLAB27 were also measured over the observational period (visits 0, 12, 24 and 36 months). The disease activity was evaluated during the year before the introduction of the bsADA, and then evaluated in the following 36 months during the first and the second bsADA treatment. We also examined whether some baseline characteristics, such as the duration of ADA treatment, concomitant therapy, comorbid disease and baseline disease activity, could influence the bsADA discontinuation.

Results We evaluated the 3-year drug survival and efficacy of the multiple switch of bsADA in RA, PsA and AS patients, previously treated with oADA in 127 patients (Table 1). All the patients enrolled underwent a first switch lasting one year and then a second switch with a follow up of one year too. The 1-year retention rate for ABP501 was 84.4%, 78% and 76% in AS, RA and PsA patients, respectively. The 1-year retention rate for SB5 was 82.1%, 78,7% and 77,5% in AS, RA and PsA patients, respectively. Disease activity, as measured by DAS28, DAPSA and BASDAI remained stable over the 3 years (Figure 1). Comorbid disease (HR: 3.04, p < 0.001) and HAQ at baseline (HR: 2.12, p = 0.001) significantly increased the risk of ADA discontinuation, while previous ADA duration was positively associated with bsADA retention rate (HR: 0.83, p = 0.0024). 27.4% patients left the study due to the interruption of the bsADA, 76.5% discontinued due to inefficacy and 23.5% due to adverse events.

Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of RA, PsA and AS patients

Conclusion No difference was found between oADA and bsADA in terms of efficacy. This real-life study confirms the similar efficacy profile of multiple switch bsADA with long-term retention and a good safety profile in inflammatory arthritis patients.

References [1]Feagan BG et al. Adv Ther. 2020 Nov;37(11):4491-4518. doi: 10.1007/s12325-020-01472-1. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Disclosure of Interests None declared

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