Background: Black people are less likely to undergo total joint arthroplasties, despite reporting more severe symptoms. (1) While racial disparities exist in treatment utilization for osteoarthritis, comprehensive studies of the treatment preferences of Black people have not been conducted.
Objectives: The purpose of this manuscript is to systematically review the literature and identify Black osteoarthritis patients’ treatment preferences to understand how they may contribute to racial differences in the utilization of different treatment options.
Methods: Searches ran on April 8, 2019 and April 7, 2020 in the following databases: Ovid MEDLINE (ALL - 1946 to Present); Ovid EMBASE (1974 to present); and The Cochrane Library (Wiley). Using the Patient/Population-Intervention-Comparison/Comparator-Outcome (PICO) format, our population of interest was Black people with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis, our intervention was preferences and opinions about treatment options for osteoarthritis, our comparator was white people with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis, and our outcome was preferences of osteoarthritis therapies. The protocol was registered under the PROSPERO international register, and the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed.
Results: Searches across the chosen databases retrieved 10,894 studies after de-duplication, 182 full text, and 31 selected for inclusion in this review. Black people were less likely to use NSAIDs or narcotic analgesics compared to white people. (Figure 1) Black people were more likely than white people to use spirituality and prayer, as well as topical treatments. Utilization of meditation, supplement/vitamin use, and hot/cold treatments was not significantly different between groups. Black people were less willing than white people to consider or undergo joint replacements, even if the procedure was needed and recommended by a physician.
Conclusion: Racial differences persist in OA care across the spectrum of options. Future interventions should focus on providing accessible information surrounding treatment options and targeting perceptions of the importance of joint health.
References: Suarez-Almazor ME, Souchek J, Kelly PA, et al. Ethnic Variation in Knee Replacement: Patient Preferences or Uninformed Disparity? Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(10):1117-1124. doi:10.1001/archinte.165.10.1117
Disclosure of Interests: Collin Brantner: None declared, Diyu Pearce-Fisher: None declared, Carine Moezinia: None declared, Haley Tornberg: None declared, John FitzGerald: None declared, Michael Parks Consultant of: Zimmer Biomet, Peter Sculco Consultant of: EOS Imaging, Intellijoint Surgical, DePuy Synthes, Lima Corporate, Cynthia Kahlenberg: None declared, Curtis Mensah: None declared, Ajay Premkuar: None declared, Nicholas Williams: None declared, Michelle Demetres: None declared, Susan Goodman Consultant of: UCB, Grant/research support from: Novartis, Horizon Therapeutics.
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