Article Text

Download PDFPDF

  1. R. Van Vollenhoven1,
  2. R. Furie2,
  3. K. Kalunian3,
  4. S. Navarra4,
  5. J. Romero-Diaz5,
  6. V. Werth6,7,
  7. X. Huang8,
  8. H. Carroll9,
  9. C. Musselli10,
  10. C. Barbey11,
  11. N. Franchimont10
  1. 1Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  2. 2Northwell Health, Division of Rheumatology, Great Neck, United States of America
  3. 3University of California San Diego, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, La Jolla, United States of America
  4. 4University of Santo Tomas, Rheumatology, Manila, Philippines
  5. 5Salvador Zubirán National Institute of Health Sciences and Nutrition, Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Ciudad de México, Mexico
  6. 6University of Pennsylvania, Dermatology, Philadelphia, United States of America
  7. 7Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center, Department of Dermatology, Philadelphia, United States of America
  8. 8Biogen, Biostatistics, Cambridge, United States of America
  9. 9Biogen, Medical Evaluation/Global Safety, Cambridge, United States of America
  10. 10Biogen, Clinical Development, Cambridge, United States of America
  11. 11Biogen, Clinical Development, Baar, Switzerland


Background: Type I interferons and other inflammatory mediators derived from plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are implicated in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) pathology. BIIB059 is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets blood dendritic cell antigen 2 (BDCA2), a pDC-specific receptor. The binding of BIIB059 to BDCA2 leads to rapid internalization of BDCA2 from the surface of pDCs and subsequent inhibition of interferon, cytokine, and chemokine production. In Part A of the 2-part, phase 2 LILAC study (NCT02847598), BIIB059 significantly reduced SLE activity, as evidenced by reduced total active joint count (primary endpoint) and higher SLE Responder Index (SRI-4)1 response (a secondary endpoint) versus placebo.2

Objectives: To evaluate SRI-4 response for BIIB059 versus placebo at Week 24 in SLE participant subgroups.

Methods: Enrollment in LILAC Part A was open to adults fulfilling ≥ 4 of 11 revised 1997 ACR criteria for classification of SLE, with ≥ 4 tender and ≥ 4 swollen joints, active skin disease, and positive lupus antibodies. Participants were randomized to receive either BIIB059 450 mg or placebo subcutaneously every 4 weeks for 20 weeks (with an additional dose at Week 2). SRI-4 response at Week 24 was analyzed in subgroups, though analyses were limited by small sample sizes and were not powered for statistical testing.

Results: In LILAC Part A, 64 and 56 participants were dosed with BIIB059 450 mg and placebo, respectively. At week 24, SRI-4 response rate was observed in favor of BIIB059 regardless of the baseline disease activity, such as SLEDAI-2K <10 versus ≥10, presence of BILAG-2004 grade A or B arthritis, oral corticosteroid usage, positivity for anti-ds DNA autoantibody and/or complement status, with point estimates for least-squares mean differences as well as corresponding 95% CIs consistently favoring BIIB059 (Figure 1). The incidence of adverse events in the overall study population was similar between the placebo and BIIB059 groups.2

Conclusion: BIIB059 treatment was associated with greater SRI-4 response rate, consistent among different subgroups of baseline disease activity as measured by SLEDAI-2K and BILAG-2004, glucocorticoid dosage, and serology. These findings provide additional evidence of the potential benefit of BIIB059 for the treatment of patients with active SLE.

References: [1]Furie RA, et al. Arthritis Rheum. 2009;61(9):1143-1151. 2. Furie RA, et al. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020;72(suppl 10). Abstract 0935.

Acknowledgements: This study was sponsored by Biogen (Cambridge, MA, USA). Writing and editorial support was provided by Excel Scientific Solutions (Fairfield, CT, USA); funding was provided by Biogen.

Disclosure of Interests: Ronald van Vollenhoven Consultant of: AbbVie, AstraZeneca, Biotest, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen, Lilly, Medac, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, UCB, Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Arthrogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, GlaxoSmithKline, Lilly, Pfizer, UCB, Richard Furie Consultant of: Biogen, Grant/research support from: Biogen, Kenneth Kalunian Consultant of: AbbVie, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Equillium, Genentech, Gilead, ILTOO, Janssen, Nektar, Roche, Viela, Grant/research support from: Lupus Research Alliance, Pfizer, Sanford Consortium, Sandra Navarra Speakers bureau: Astellas, Johnson & Johnson, Novartis, Pfizer, Consultant of: Biogen, Grant/research support from: Biogen, Juanita Romero-Diaz Consultant of: Biogen, Boehringer Ingelheim, Victoria Werth Consultant of: AbbVie, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Biogen, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, EMD Serono, Gilead, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen, Kyowa Kirin, Resolve, Viela, Grant/research support from: Biogen, Celgene, Gilead, Janssen, Viela, XIAOBI HUANG Shareholder of: Biogen, Employee of: Biogen, HUA CARROLL Shareholder of: Biogen, Employee of: Biogen, Cristina Musselli Shareholder of: Biogen, Employee of: Biogen, Catherine Barbey Shareholder of: Biogen, Employee of: Biogen, NATHALIE FRANCHIMONT Shareholder of: Biogen, OMass Therapeutics, Employee of: Biogen

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.