Background: Power Doppler ultrasonography is a sensitive imaging tool to assess synovitis in psoriatic arthritis (PsA).1,2 ULTIMATE (NCT02662985) is the first large, randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled phase IIIb study in PsA, using ultrasound to evaluate early response to secukinumab on synovitis. The use of the standardised and reliable global EULAR-OMERACT composite ultrasound synovitis score at patient level (GLOESS) as the primary endpoint showed the early and significant benefit of secukinumab vs. placebo on synovitis at week 12.3
Objectives: To investigate the responsiveness and discriminative validity of GLOESS compared to clinical outcomes on joints at week 12 and report ultrasound and clinical efficacy data up to week 24.
Methods: This is a 52-week study with a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled period followed by 12-week open-label (OL) and 6-month OL extension. All placebo patients were switched to secukinumab (300 or 150 mg) at week 12.3 Discriminative validity of GLOESS was analysed post-hoc: within-group responsiveness was assessed by comparing its standardised response mean (SRM) to that of core set of ACR response in the initial secukinumab group over 12 and 24 weeks. Mean change from baseline up to week 12 of GLOESS was determined with mixed-effect model repeated measures analysis (MMRM) and from week 12-24 as observed. 24 week efficacy outcomes included ACR responses, HAQ-DI, PASI response and resolution of dactylitis. These outcomes were exploratory and reported either according to non-responder imputation (ACR response), or as observed (HAQ-DI, PASI response and resolution of dactylitis).
Results: Of 166 patients enrolled, a total of 155 patients (93%) completed 24 weeks of treatment (secukinumab, 79 patients 95%; placebo, 76 patients 92%). Mean change from baseline to week 24 in GLOESS was similar in the initial secukinumab and placebo-secukinumab groups. A continued improvement in GLOESS was observed in the secukinumab group, with catch-up improvement in the placebo group after switch to active therapy (Figure 1). Both SRM of GLOESS and ACR core components over 12 and 24 weeks were high (Table 1). Similar clinical response rates were reported for clinical joint count, skin, dactylitis and function at week 24 in secukinumab and placebo switchers groups (Table 1).
Conclusion: These analyses highlight the responsiveness and high discriminative validity of GLOESS in PsA, resembling that of key clinical PsA manifestations and physical function.
References: D’Agostino MA and Coates LC. J Rheumatol. 2019;46:337–9.
Uson J, et al. Rheumatol Clin. 2018;14:27–35.
D’Agostino MA, et al. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2020;72 (suppl 10).
Disclosure of Interests: Maarten Boers Consultant of: BMS, Novartis, Pfizer, GSK, Philip G Conaghan Speakers bureau: AbbVie, AstraZeneca, BMS, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, Gilead, Novartis and Pfizer, Consultant of: AbbVie, AstraZeneca, BMS, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, Gilead, Novartis and Pfizer, Georg Schett Speakers bureau: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Janssen, Eli Lilly, Novartis, Roche and UCB, Peter Mandl Speakers bureau: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Janssen, Eli Lilly, MSD, Novartis, Roche and UCB, Grant/research support from: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Janssen, Eli Lilly, MSD, Novartis, Roche and UCB, Esperanza Naredo Speakers bureau: AbbVie, Roche, BMS, Pfizer, UCB, Eli Lilly, Novartis, Janssen, and Celgene, Consultant of: AbbVie, Novartis and BMS, Grant/research support from: Eli Lilly, Filip van den Bosch Speakers bureau: AbbVie, Celgene, Janssen, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, and UCB Pharma, Consultant of: AbbVie, Celgene, Janssen, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, and UCB Pharma, Ruben Burgos-Vargas: None declared, Anne-Marie Duggan Employee of: Novartis, Punit Goyanka Employee of: Novartis, Corine Gaillez Shareholder of: Novartis and BMS, Employee of: Novartis, Maria-Antonietta D’Agostino Speakers bureau: Sanofi, Novartis, BMS, Janssen, Celgene, Roche, AbbVie, UCB, and Eli Lilly, Consultant of: Sanofi, Novartis, BMS, Janssen, Celgene, Roche, AbbVie, UCB, and Eli Lilly
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