Background: The concept of treat to target (T2T) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been established recently and already shown its benefits . But the long-term outcomes of the T2T have not been studied yet.
Objectives: To study 5 years (yrs) follow-up of PsA patients (pts) treated according to T2T strategy at the early stage.
Methods: 35 (M/F–17/18) PsA pts fulfilling CASPAR criteria, who were treated according to T2T strategy at the early stage (PsA duration≤2 yrs) within 24 months (mos) were analyzed. At the time of evaluation mean age is 42.7±11.2 yrs, median (Me) PsA duration 72 [60;95] mos, psoriasis duration 120 [88;180] mos. All pts underwent standard clinical examinations of PsA before started T2T therapy and at follow-up. Within 24 mos of T2T strategy all pts were taking Methotrexate (MTX) monotherapy in increasing dose up to 25 mg/wk and 18 out of 35 (51%) pts received MTX in combination with iTNF. When T2T study was stopped all pts were treated according to standard care with NSAIDs, bDMARDs, MTX, tsDMARDs based on PsA activity and physician decision. The number of pts achieved minimal disease activity (MDA, 5 of 7) and remission by DAPSA (≤4)/low disease activity (LDA)≤14) at the 24 mos of T2T strategy and at 5 yrs follow-up were calculated. The results are presented in the form of mean values, median, upper and lower quartiles.
Results: Me duration of follow-up is 68 [53.5;81.5] mos. At 24 mos Me DAPSA 3.48 [0.45;21.76], remission by DAPSA (REM-DAPSA) were seen in 20 out of 35 (57%) pts, LDA-DAPSA in 4 (12%) pts, moderate activity (MoA) by DAPSA in 6 (17%) pts and high disease activity by DAPSA (HDA-DAPSA) in 5 (14%) pts. MDA was noted in 21 out of 35 (60%) pts. At 5 yrs Me DAPSA 7.4 [2.22;13.87], REM-DAPSA was noted in 12 (34%) pts, LDA-DAPSA in 14 (40%), MoA-DAPSA in 5 (14%), HDA-DAPSA in 4 (12%) pts. MDA was observed in 17 of 35 pts (49%). Among 20 pts who had REM-DAPSA at 24 mos only 6 pts (30%) remained in remission at 5 yrs follow-up and 12 out of 21 pts (57.14%) remained in MDA status.
Conclusion: In early PsA pts remission and MDA are achievable goal of T2T strategy. But most pts lost remission/MDA after this strategy was changed to a standard care, despite being in remission/MDA status before change of therapy. Further investigations of the long-term outcomes of T2T strategy in PsA, including radiographic outcomes are needed.
References: Coates LC, Moverley AR, McParland L, et al. Lancet 2015; 386: 2489–98.
Disclosure of Interests: None declared.
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