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Increased risk of systemic lupus erythematosus in patients with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia: a nationwide population-based cohort study

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  • Handling editor Josef S Smolen

  • H-YM and JCCW contributed equally.

  • Contributors H-YM and JCCW conceptualised the research and drafted the manuscripts. X-HC interpreted the data and drafted the manuscript. H-HC contributed to the research design, performed data analysis and graph generation and critically revised the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This work was supported by funding from Chung Shan Medical University Hospital grant number CSH-2018-C-023 and the National Natural Science Foundation of China Grants [81 760 298].

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient and public involvement The requirement for informed consent was waived because personal details were completely anonymised before analysis of data.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Taichung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan (approval number: CE17100B).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.