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FRI0506 EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF CANAKINUMAB IN ADULT-ONSET STILL’S DISEASE: A SINGLE-CENTER REAL-LIFE EXPERIENCE
  1. A. Tomelleri1,
  2. C. Campochiaro1,
  3. G. De Luca1,
  4. N. Farina1,
  5. E. Baldissera1,
  6. G. Cavalli1,
  7. L. Dagna1
  1. 1San Raffaele Hospital, Milano, Italy

Abstract

Background: The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1 has a central role in the pathogenesis of adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD), a rare auto-inflammatory condition. Anakinra, has been for years the cornerstone of IL-1-blocking therapy in AOSD. More recently, the monoclonal antibody canakinumab, a new agent blocking IL-1, has become available

Objectives: To describe our real-life experience with CNK in a cohort of AOSD patients from a single Italian Center

Methods: AOSD patients diagnosed according to Yamaguchi’s criteria followed-up at our Autoinflammatory Unit and treated with CNK for at least 3 months were included. Demographic features, disease characteristics, reasons for CNK introduction, concomitant therapies, variation in systemic steroids dose, adverse events, and response to treatment were retrospectively evaluated. Non-parametric tests were used for statistical comparison

Results: 13 patients (5 women; median age 49 years, range 21-74), treated with subcutaneous CNK 4 mg/kg 4-weekly, were identified. Median disease duration before CNK introduction was 12 (6-240) months. After CNK introduction, 2 patients were followed-up for 18 months, 3 for 12 months, 6 for 6 months, 2 for 3 months. CNK was introduced as first-line biologic DMARD in 6 patients. The other 7 patients had been already treated with at least one other bDMARD, for a total of 15 treatment courses (7, anakinra, ANK; 4, tocilizumab; 4, TNF-inhibitors), with a median bDMARD therapy duration of 8 (4-178) months. Previous bDMARDs had been interrupted because of inefficacy (8 cases) or adverse events (AE, 7 cases); of the 7 ANK-treated patients, therapy interruption was due to inefficacy in 3 cases. At CNK introduction, 11 patients were on systemic steroid therapy, prednisone (PDN) equivalent dose 15 (5-80) mg, and 10 were concomitantly receiving a conventional DMARD (7, methotrexate; 2, colchicine; 1, cyclosporine-A). Graphic 1 summarizes main clinical features at CNK introduction. After CNK start, a striking and rapid clinical response was observed, as demonstrated by a substantial decrease of modified Pouchot score and a normalization of acute phase reactants after only 3 months (see Table 1 for details). CNK showed also a significant steroid-sparing effect: median PDN dose was reduced to 7.5 (2.5-12.5) mg at month 3 and 5 (0-7.5) mg at month 6; PDN was stopped in 3 patients (1 at month 3, 1 at month 6, 1 at month 12) due to optimal disease control. CNK was temporarily held-off in 3 patients (zoster reactivation, 1; prostatitis, 1; mild leukopenia, 1). We observed no case of primary inefficacy

Table 1.

Disease activity and blood tests at canakinumab introduction and during follow-up

Figure 1.

Graphic 1 Main clinical features at canakinumab introduction

Conclusion: Our real-life data confirm that CNK is highly effective and safe in AOSD treatment and has significant steroid-sparing effects. CNK showed its efficacy both as first-line therapy and after other bDMARDs failure, also in patients who have previously failed IL-1 inhibition through ANK

References: [1] Cavalli G, et al. Treating rheumatological diseases and co-morbidities with interleukin-1 blocking therapies. Rheumatology (2015)

[2] Cavalli G, et al. Efficacy of Canakinumab as First-Line Biologic Agent in Adult-Onset Still’s Disease. Arthritis Res Ther (2019)

Disclosure of Interests: Alessandro Tomelleri: None declared, Corrado Campochiaro Speakers bureau: Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, GSK, SOBI, Giacomo De Luca Speakers bureau: SOBI, Novartis, Celgene, Pfizer, MSD, Nicola Farina: None declared, Elena Baldissera Speakers bureau: Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, Alpha Sigma, Sanofi, Giulio Cavalli Speakers bureau: SOBI, Novartis, Pfizer, Lorenzo Dagna Grant/research support from: Abbvie, BMS, Celgene, Janssen, MSD, Mundipharma Pharmaceuticals, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, SG, SOBI, Consultant of: Abbvie, Amgen, Biogen, BMS, Celltrion, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, SG, and SOBI

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