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  1. I. Foeldvari1,
  2. B. Hinrichs2,
  3. K. Torok3,
  4. M. J. Santos3,
  5. O. Kasapcopur3,
  6. A. Adrovic3,
  7. V. Stanevicha3,
  8. F. R. Sztajnbok3,
  9. M. T. Terreri3,
  10. A. P. Sakamoto3,
  11. E. Alexeeva3,
  12. J. Anton3,
  13. M. Katsikas3,
  14. V. Smith3,
  15. R. Cimaz3,
  16. M. Kostik3,
  17. S. Appenzeller3,
  18. M. Janarthanan3,
  19. M. Moll3,
  20. D. Nemcova3,
  21. D. Schonenberg3,
  22. C. Battagliotti3,
  23. L. Berntson3,
  24. B. Bica3,
  25. J. Brunner3,
  26. P. Costa Reis3,
  27. D. Eleftheriou3,
  28. L. Harel3,
  29. G. Horneff3,
  30. D. Lazarevic3,
  31. K. Minden3,
  32. S. Nielsen3,
  33. F. Nuruzzaman3,
  34. A. Patwardhan3,
  35. Y. Uziel3,
  36. N. Helmus1
  1. 1Hamburg Centre for Pediatric and Adolescence Rheumatology, Hamburg, Germany
  2. 2Kinderklinik Heidberg Pulmologie, Hamburg, Germany
  3. 3jSSc Collaborative Group, Hamburg, Germany


Background: Juvenile systemic sclerosis (jSSc) is an orphan disease with a prevalence in around 3 in a million children. Pulmonary involvement in jSSc occurs in approximately 40 % in the inception cohort. Traditionally in jSSc, pulmonary function testing (PFT) with FVC and DLCO are used for screening and computed tomography (HRCT) was more reserved for those with abnormal PFTs. More recently, it has become apparent that PFTs might not be sensitive enough for detecting ILD in children.

Objectives: Utilizing a prospective international juvenile systemic scleroderma cohort (JSScC) [2], to determine if pulmonary screening with FVC and DLCO is sufficient enough to assess the presence of interstitial lung disease in comparison to CT evaluation.

Methods: The international juvenile systemic scleroderma cohort database was queried for available patients with recorded PFT parameters and HRCT performed to determine sensitivity of PFTs detecting disease process.

Results: Of 129 patients in the jSScC, 67 patients had both CT imaging and an FVC reading from PFTs for direct comparison. DLCO readings were also captured but not in as many patients with tandem HRCT (n =55 DCLO and HRCT scan). Therefore, initial analyses focused on the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the FVC value from the PFTs to capture the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease as determined by HRCT.

Overall, 49% of the patients had ILD determined by HRCT, with 60% of patients having normal FVC (>80%) with positive HRCT findings, and 24% of patients having normal DLCO (> 80%) with positive HRCT findings. Fourteen percent (n = 3/21) of patients with both FVC and DLCO values within the normal range had a positive HRCT finding.

Conclusion: The sensitivity of the FVC in the JSScC cohort in detecting ILD was only 39%. Relying on PFTs alone for screening for ILD in juvenile systemic sclerosis would have missed the detection of ILD in almost 2/3 of the sample cohort, supporting the use of HRCT for detection of ILD in children with SSc. In addition, the cut off utilized, of less than 80% of predicted FVC or DLCO could be too low for pediatric patients to exclude beginning ILD. This pilot data needs confirmation in a larger patient population.

Supported by the “Joachim Herz Stiftung”

Disclosure of Interests: Ivan Foeldvari Consultant of: Novartis, Bernd Hinrichs: None declared, Kathryn Torok: None declared, Maria Jose Santos Speakers bureau: Novartis and Pfizer, Ozgur Kasapcopur: None declared, Amra Adrovic: None declared, Valda Stanevicha: None declared, Flávio R. Sztajnbok: None declared, Maria T. Terreri: None declared, Ana Paula Sakamoto: None declared, Ekaterina Alexeeva Grant/research support from: Roche, Pfizer, Centocor, Novartis, Speakers bureau: Roche, Novartis, Pfizer., Jordi Anton Grant/research support from: grants from Pfizer, abbvie, Novartis, Sobi. Gebro, Roche, Novimmune, Sanofi, Lilly, Amgen, Grant/research support from: Pfizer, abbvie, Novartis, Sobi. Gebro, Roche, Novimmune, Sanofi, Lilly, Amgen, Consultant of: Novartis, Sobi, Pfizer, abbvie, Consultant of: Novartis, Sobi, Pfizer, abbvie, Speakers bureau: abbvie, Pfizer, Roche, Novartis, Sobi, Gebro, Speakers bureau: abbvie, Pfizer, Roche, Novartis, Sobi, Gebro, Maria Katsikas: None declared, Vanessa Smith Grant/research support from: The affiliated company received grants from Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO), Belgian Fund for Scientific Research in Rheumatic diseases (FWRO), Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co and Janssen-Cilag NV, Consultant of: Boehringer-Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co, Speakers bureau: Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Boehringer-Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co and UCB Biopharma Sprl, Rolando Cimaz: None declared, Mikhail Kostik: None declared, Simone Appenzeller: None declared, Mahesh Janarthanan: None declared, Monika Moll: None declared, Dana Nemcova: None declared, Dieneke Schonenberg: None declared, Cristina Battagliotti: None declared, Lillemor Berntson Consultant of: paid by Abbvie as a consultant, Speakers bureau: paid by Abbvie for giving speaches about JIA, Blanca Bica: None declared, Juergen Brunner Grant/research support from: Pfizer, Novartis, Consultant of: Pfizer, Novartis, Abbvie, Roche, BMS, Speakers bureau: Pfizer, Novartis, Abbvie, Roche, BMS, Patricia Costa Reis: None declared, Despina Eleftheriou: None declared, Liora Harel: None declared, Gerd Horneff Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Chugai, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, Speakers bureau: AbbVie, Bayer, Chugai, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, Dragana Lazarevic: None declared, Kirsten Minden Consultant of: GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi, Speakers bureau: Roche, Susan Nielsen: None declared, Farzana Nuruzzaman: None declared, Anjali Patwardhan: None declared, Yosef Uziel: None declared, Nicola Helmus: None declared

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