Background: Baricitinib (BARI) provided rapid and sustained improvements in patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) in patients (pts) with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inadequate responses (IR) to methotrexate (MTX) (RA-BEAM; NCT01710358)1,2 and biologic DMARDs (bDMARD-IR; RA-BEACON; NCT01721044)3,4.
Objectives: To determine the number needed to treat (NNT) to report improvements ≥minimum clinically important differences (MCIDs) in multiple PROs at Week (Wk) 12 after treatment with BARI 4-mg in RA-BEAM and BARI 2-mg or BARI 4-mg in RA-BEACON. NNTs ≤10 vs placebo (PBO) are considered clinically meaningful.
Methods: Evaluated PROs with respective MCID definitions included Patient Global Assessment of Disease Activity (PtGA, 0-100 mm visual analog scale [VAS], MCID ≥10 mm), pain (0-100 mm VAS, MCID ≥10 mm), physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, MCID ≥0.22 points), fatigue (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue [FACIT-F], MCID≥4.0), and health-related quality of life (SF-36 physical component summary [PCS: MCID ≥2.5] and domain scores: physical function [PF], role physical [RP], bodily pain [BP], general health [GH], vitality [VT], social functioning [SF], role emotional [RE], mental health [MH], MCID ≥5.0).5 The percentages of pts reporting improvements ≥MCID were determined at Wk 12. NNTs were calculated as 1/difference in response rates between BARI 2-mg or 4-mg and PBO.
Results: At Wk 12, percentages of pts reporting clinically meaningful improvements were greater and statistically different from PBO (p<0.01) with BARI 2-mg and 4-mg across most PROs in both RCTs. Most NNTs were ≤10. (Figure)
Conclusion: Across different populations, MTX-IR and bDMARD-IR pts with active RA reported clinically meaningful improvements in PROs after BARI treatment. The NNTs in these analyses indicate that <10 pts need to be treated with BARI 2- or 4-mg to report a clinically meaningful benefit.
References: Taylor et al. NEJM, 2017;376: 652-62
Keystone et al. Ann Rheum Dis, 2017;76:1853-61
Genovese et al. NEJM, 2016; 374: 1243-52
Smolen et al. Ann Rheum Dis, 2017; 76: 694-700
Strand et al. J Rheumatol, 2011; 38: 1720-27
Disclosure of Interests: Vibeke Strand Consultant of: AbbVie, Amgen, Biogen, Celltrion, Consortium of Rheumatology Researchers of North America, Crescendo Bioscience, Eli Lilly, Genentech/Roche, GlaxoSmithKline, Hospira, Janssen, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Sanofi, UCB, Luna Sun Shareholder of: Eli Lilly and Company, Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company, Jorge Ross Terres Shareholder of: Eli Lilly and Company, Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company, Carol L. Kannowski Shareholder of: Eli Lilly and Company, Employee of: Eli Lilly and Company
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.