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THU0218 INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR HERPES ZOSTER IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS PATIENTS RECEIVING UPADACITINIB
  1. K. Winthrop1,
  2. P. Nash2,
  3. K. Yamaoka3,
  4. E. Mysler4,
  5. L. Calabrese5,
  6. N. Khan6,
  7. J. J. Enejosa6,
  8. Y. Song6,
  9. J. Suboticki6,
  10. J. R. Curtis7
  1. 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, United States of America
  2. 2School of Medicine, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
  3. 3Department of Rheumatology and Infectious Diseases, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
  4. 4Organización Medica de Investigación, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  5. 5Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, United States of America
  6. 6AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, United States of America
  7. 7Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, United States of America

Abstract

Background: Upadacitinib (UPA) is an oral JAK inhibitor approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The background rate of herpes zoster (HZ) in patients (pts) with RA is around 0.98/100 person years (PY)1. Pts with RA receiving JAK inhibitors have been reported to have an increased risk of HZ.

Objectives: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors for HZ in pts with RA receiving UPA relative to active comparators in the Phase 3 clinical trial program.

Methods: The incidence rate of HZ was determined in pts receiving UPA (as monotherapy [mono] or combination therapy) in five randomized Phase 3 trials (SELECT-EARLY, SELECT-MONOTHERAPY, SELECT-NEXT, SELECT-COMPARE, and SELECT-BEYOND), of which 4 evaluated both the UPA 15 and 30 mg once-daily (QD) doses and 1 trial (SELECT-COMPARE) evaluated only the 15 mg QD dose. Incidence of HZ was also determined in pts receiving adalimumab (ADA) + methotrexate (MTX) in SELECT-COMPARE and MTX mono in SELECT-EARLY. Risk factors for HZ were assessed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. Data cut-off was 30 June 2019.

Results: Overall, 2629 pts who received UPA 15 mg QD (4565.8 patient-years [PY]), 1204 pts who received UPA 30 mg QD (2309.7 PY), 579 pts who received ADA + MTX (768.6 PY), and 314 pts who received MTX mono (456.0 PY) were analyzed. Fewer than 5% of pts across the treatment groups reported prior HZ vaccination. HZ (n/100 PY [95% CI]) occurred in 142 pts (3.1 [2.6–3.7]) with UPA 15 mg, 126 pts (5.5 [4.5–6.5]) with UPA 30 mg, 8 pts (1.0 [0.4–2.1]) with ADA + MTX, and 5 pts (1.1 [0.4–2.6]) with MTX mono. Most of the HZ cases (~71%) with UPA (Table) and all cases with ADA + MTX and MTX mono involved a single dermatome. Ophthalmic involvement was seen in 6 (4.2%) and 3 (2.4%) cases in the UPA 15 and 30 mg groups, respectively, and unilateral involvement with multiple dermatomes was seen in 26 (18.3%) and 23 (18.3%) cases. There was a single case of HZ meningitis reported in a Japanese pt on UPA 30 mg. In multivariate analyses, prior history of HZ and Asian region were associated with an increased risk of HZ in both the UPA groups (p≤0.01; Figure). In addition, pts ≥65 years old had increased risk of HZ in the 15 mg group.

Conclusion: HZ events in pts with RA receiving UPA were more common in the 30 mg vs 15 mg group, and in both UPA groups compared with the ADA + MTX and MTX groups.

References: [1]Smitten AL, et al. Arthritis Rheum 2007;57:1431–8

Table.

Summary of extent of involvement in pts with HZ

Figure.

Multivariable-adjusted risk factors for HZ in pts receiving UPA

Disclosure of Interests: : Kevin Winthrop Grant/research support from: Bristol-Myers Squibb, Consultant of: AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, Gilead, GSK, Pfizer Inc, Roche, UCB, Peter Nash Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, Eli Lilly and Company, Gilead, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer Inc, Roche, Sanofi, UCB, Consultant of: AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, Eli Lilly, Gilead, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer Inc, Roche, Sanofi, UCB, Speakers bureau: AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, Eli Lilly, Gilead, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer Inc, Roche, Sanofi, UCB, Kunihiro Yamaoka Speakers bureau: AbbVie GK, Astellas Pharma Inc., Bristol-Myers Squibb, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd, Mitsubishi-Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Pfizer Japan Inc., and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd, Eduardo Mysler Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Lilly, Pfizer, Roche, BMS, Sandoz, Amgen, and Janssen., Consultant of: AbbVie, Lilly, Pfizer, Roche, BMS, Sandoz, Amgen, and Janssen., Leonard Calabrese Consultant of: AbbVie, GSK, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Genentech, Janssen, Novartis, Sanofi, Horizon, Crescendo, and Gilead, Speakers bureau: Sanofi, Horizon, Crescendo, Novartis, Genentech, Janssen, and AbbVie, Nasser Khan Shareholder of: AbbVie Inc., Employee of: AbbVie Inc., Jose Jeffrey Enejosa Shareholder of: AbbVie, Employee of: AbbVie, Yanna Song Shareholder of: AbbVie Inc., Employee of: AbbVie Inc., Jessica Suboticki Shareholder of: AbbVie Inc., Employee of: AbbVie Inc., Jeffrey R. Curtis Grant/research support from: Abbvie, Amgen, BMS, Corrona, Crescendo, Janssen, Pfizer, Regeneron/Sanofi, and UCB, Consultant of: AbbVie, Amgen, BMS, Corrona, Crescendo, Janssen, Pfizer, Sanofi/Regeneron, and UCB

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