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Biologics, spondylitis and COVID-19

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Footnotes

  • Handling editor Josef S Smolen

  • Contributors All authors except DC contributed to the design of the study. JTR, HH and DC performed the data analysis. JTR wrote this report. All authors critically reviewed it and edited it.

  • Funding The Spondylitis Association of America has provided support for this project. JTR receives support from the Grandmaison Fund for Autoimmunity Research, the William and Mary Bauman Foundation, the Stan and Madelle Rosenfeld Family Trust and Research to Prevent Blindness.

  • Competing interests JTR: consultant for Abbvie, Gilead, Novartis, UCB, Roche, Horizon, Corvus, Eyevensys; grant support: Pfizer, Horizon; Royalties: UpToDate. HH: owns Any-3. DC: none. MHW: consults: Novartis, UCB, Gilead, GSK. JR: consults: Novartis, UCB, Gilead, GSK. KLW: consults: Pfizer, Abbvie, UCB, Lilly, Galapagos, GSK, Roche, Gilead; research support: BMS, Pfizer.

  • Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research. Refer to the Methods section for further details.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the IRB of the Oregon Health & Science University, Study00021375.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement The data on which this study are based are available by contacting Hedley Hamilton at Any-3.com.