Article Text

Download PDFPDF

OP0344 WHICH MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING LESIONS OF THE SACROILIAC JOINTS ARE OF DIAGNOSTIC VALUE FOR AXIAL SPONDYLOARTHRITIS?
  1. Xenofon Baraliakos1,
  2. Anna Ghadir2,
  3. Martin Fruth2,
  4. Uta Kiltz1,
  5. Juergen Braun1
  1. 1Rheumazentrum Ruhrgebiet, Ruhr-University Bochum, Herne, Germany
  2. 2Radiologie Herne, Herne, Germany

Abstract

Background Classification of patients as having axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) by the imaging arm of the ASAS criteria relies partly on the detection of bone marrow edema (BME) suspicious of SpA on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the sacroiliac joints (SIJ). Fatty lesions (FL) and erosions on SIJ-MRI have been suggested to be genuinely related to SpA in the context of interpretation of a ‘positive’ MRI in case of doubtful BME cases (1).

Objectives Evaluate the role of different SIJ-MRI lesions for diagnosing axSpA in daily routine practice.

Methods Consecutive patients with chronic back pain (duration >3 months) starting before age 45 and clinical suspicion of axSpA underwent a complete diagnostic workup including SIJ-MRI. All clinical, laboratory and imaging data were available to experienced rheumatologists for diagnosing axSpA or not (non-SpA). In parallel, two experienced readers, blinded to all patients’ information and diagnosis, evaluated the MRIs and made a diagnostic judgement based only on imaging. Furthermore, radiologists quantitatively assessed MRIs for BME (Berlin Score), FL, erosions, sclerosis and ankylosis.

Results A total of 300 consecutive patients were recruited. AxSpA was diagnosed by the rheumatologist in 131 patients (43.7%) with mean age of 34.5±7.2 years, 73% HLA-B27+, mean symptom duration 58.6±69.5 months, vs. 169 non-SpA patients with mean age of 34.5±7.4 years, 21.3% HLA-B27+, mean symptom duration 33.9±45.1 months. The ASAS classification criteria were fulfilled by 99/131 patients diagnosed with axSpA (75.6%) vs. 70/169 patients diagnosed vs. non-SpA non-SpA (41.4%).

In 97/162 patients, rheumatologists and radiologists agreed on a diagnosis of axSpA and non-SpA (overall agreement: 86.3%). However, 34/131 (28.1%) patients were diagnosed with axSpA by rheumatologists but not by radiologists.

According to radiologists, BME alone was critical for diagnosis in only 7/97 patients (7.2%) with axSpA as agreed by both, rheumatologists and radiologists, in contrast to chronic lesions alone (30/97, 30.9%) or the combination of both lesion types (60/97, 61.9%).

While the sensitivity of BME for diagnosing axSpA did not change, the specificity improved when chronic lesions were also present (Tab.1). In addition, based on rheumatologists’ diagnosis, the respective odds ratio (OR) for identifying axSpA by MRI was higher when chronic lesions were present (Tab.1). MRI scores were significantly higher in axSpA vs. non-SpA patients, indicating that axSpA is associated with deeper BME or chronic lesions (Tab.2).

Table 1. Odds ratios for MRI lesions and combinations used for diagnosing axSpA.

Table 2. Mean/median Berlin SIJ scores ± standard deviation for inflammatory and chronic lesions.

Conclusion The combination of structural changes and BME lesions as assessed by MRI performed best in the process of diagnosing axSpA in consecutive patients in a real-life setting presenting to our center. The discrepancy in diagnosis between rheumatologists and radiologists reflects the increasing insecurity of including only BME of SIJ as the major criterium for diagnosing axSpA.

Reference [1] Lambert R et al. Ann Rheum Dis 2016

Disclosure of Interests Xenofon Baraliakos Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene, Centocor, Chugai, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer Inc, Roche and UCB, Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Pfizer, Merck Sharp & Dohme, UCB Pharma, Novartis, Consultant for: AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Boehringer Ingelheim, Celgene, Chugai, Janssen Biologics, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB Pharma, Galapagos, Speakers bureau: AbbVie, Chugai, Janssen, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB Pharma, Anna Ghadir: None declared, Martin Fruth: None declared, Uta Kiltz Grant/research support from: AbbVie, Chugai, Eli Lilly, Grünenthal, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and UCB., Consultant for: AbbVie, Chugai, Eli Lilly, Grünenthal, Janssen, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and UCB., Juergen Braun Shareholder of: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Chugai, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB, Grant/research support from: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Chugai, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB, Grant/research support from: Abbott, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Celltrion, Chugai, Johnson & Johnson, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, UCB Pharma, Grant/research support from: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Chugai, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB, Grant/research support from: Abbvie (Abbott), Amgen, Baxter, Biogen, BMS, Boehringer, Celgene, Celltrion, Centocor, Chugai, Hexal, Janssen, Lilly, Medac, MSD (Schering-Plough), Mylan, Mundipharma, Novartis, Pfizer (Wyeth, Hospira), Roche, Sanofi-Aventis and UCB, Consultant for: Abbvie (Abbott), Amgen, Baxter, Biogen, BMS, Boehringer, Celgene, Celltrion, Centocor, Chugai, Hexal, Janssen, Lilly, Medac, MSD (Schering-Plough), Mylan, Mundipharma, Novartis, Pfizer (Wyeth, Hospira), Roche, Sanofi-Aventis and UCB, Consultant for: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Chugai, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB, Consultant for: Abbott, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Celltrion, Chugai, Johnson & Johnson, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, UCB Pharma, Speakers bureau: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Chugai, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB, Speakers bureau: Abbvie (Abbott), Amgen, Baxter, Biogen, BMS, Boehringer, Celgene, Celltrion, Centocor, Chugai, Hexal, Janssen, Lilly, Medac, MSD (Schering-Plough), Mylan, Mundipharma, Novartis, Pfizer (Wyeth, Hospira), Roche, Sanofi-Aventis and UCB, Speakers bureau: AbbVie, BMS, Celgene, Chugai, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, UCB

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.