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Response to: ‘Variation in antinuclear antibody detection by automated indirect immunofluorescence analysis’ by van Hoovels et al
  1. David S Pisetsky1,
  2. Diane M Spencer1,
  3. Peter E Lipsky2,
  4. Brad H Rovin3
  1. 1 Department of Medicine and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center and Medical Research Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
  2. 2 RILITE Research Institute, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
  3. 3 Division of Nephrology, The Ohio State University, Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr David S Pisetsky, Department of Medicine and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA; david.pisetsky{at}

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We thank van Hoovels et al 1 for their comments on our article2 on the variability of antinuclear antibody (ANA) determinations; other letters also discussed ANA testing issues.3 4 Meroni et al noted the value of distinguishing staining patterns by immunofluorescence assays (IFAs).3 In his discussion, Dr Mahler recommended the use of automated or computer-assisted diagnostic (CAD) systems as a way to reduce the variability and subjectivity that can occur with visual reading of IFA for ANA determinations.4 As the data presented by Van Hoovels and colleagues in their letter indicate, even automated systems have limitations. A prior publication on CAD systems highlighted quality assurance approaches to address these problems.5

Clearly, even with well-validated assays that include CAD interpretation, available ANA assays show variability. This variability can affect diagnostic evaluation and decision-making; in the context of clinical trials for ‘active, autoantibody positive’ disease, these assay issues can determine trial entry and lead to screen failures. Furthermore, assay variability could affect the prescription of agents that have been approved for patients who are ANA or anti-DNA positive. We, therefore, welcome further discussion on ANA testing and the opportunity to develop more robust and reproducible assays as well as to achieve greater harmonisation with existing platforms.



  • Handling editor Josef S Smolen

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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