Background Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is inflammatory arthritis, and interleukin (IL) −17 is crucial on pathogenesis of SpA. Type 17 helper T cell (Th17) is one of major IL-17 secreting cells. Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)−3 signalling induces Th17 cell differentiation. Present study investigated the effect of protein inhibitor of activated STAT3 (PIAS3) on SpA pathogenesis.
Methods Curdlan was injected to SKG ZAP-70W163C mice for SpA induction. Then PIAS3 or Mock vector was inserted to mice for 10 weeks. Clinical score and histologic scores of paw, spine, and gut were evaluated. Expressions of IL-17, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), STAT3, bone morphogenic protein (BMP) were measured. Confocal stain and flow cytometry were used to assess helper T cell differentiation.
Results PIAS3 significantly diminished the histological scores of paw and gut. PIAS3 group displayed lesser expression of IL-17, TNF-α, and STAT3 in the paw, spine, and gut. BMP-2/4 expressions were lower in spine of PIAS3 group. Helper T cell differentiation was polarised toward upregulation of regulatory T cell (Treg) and downregulation of Th17 in the PIAS3 mice.
Conclusions PIAS3 showed preventive effects in mice with SpA by suppressing peripheral arthritis and gut inflammation. Proinflammatory cytokines and Th17/Treg differentiation were controlled by PIAS3. Additionally BMPs were decreased in spine of PIAS3 mice. These findings suggest that PIAS3 could be a potential therapeutic choice of SpA treatment.
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Disclosure of Interest None declared
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