Article Text

Download PDFPDF

P102 S100A9 hampers osteoclast differentiation from circulating precursors by reducing the expression of rank
  1. M van den Bosch1,
  2. I Di Ceglie1,
  3. T Vogl2,
  4. J Roth2,
  5. C Goodyear3,
  6. P van der Kraan1,
  7. A Blom1,
  8. P van Lent1
  1. 1Radboud university medical centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands
  2. 2University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany
  3. 3University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK


Introduction The alarmins S100A8/A9 are produced in high levels in the synovium during both experimental and human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and have been implicated in inflammation-induced bone resorption. We and others have previously shown that stimulation of mature osteoclasts with S100A8/A9 results in increased numbers and resorptive activity. In agreement, reduced bone destruction was observed after induction of experimental RA models in S100a9-/- mice. However, the effects of S100A8/A9 on monocyte-to-osteoclast differentiation remain elusive.

Objectives Here, we investigated the effects of S100A9 on CD14+ monocytes and their potential to differentiate into osteoclasts.

Methods CD14+ monocytes were isolated from buffy coats of healthy donors using density gradient centrifugation and magnetic cell sorting. Cells were differentiated into osteoclasts with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) ligand (RANKL) in the presence or absence of S100A9. mRNA expression was determined by RT-qPCR and protein expression was determined using Luminex analysis. Moreover, osteoclast differentiation was assessed using Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and the resorptive capacity was determined using mineral-coated plates. RANK protein expression was assessed using FACS.

Results We observed that S100A9 stimulation of monocytes resulted in a strong induction of various pro-inflammatory factors, such as interleukin (IL)1β, IL6, IL8, and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)α after 24 hour, both on the mRNA and protein level. Interestingly, we observed a strong decrease in the number of multinucleated osteoclasts as determined by TRAP staining, at day 6 and 8 after start of the cultures. In agreement with this, the cells showed a strongly reduced resorptive capacity. We demonstrated that already a 24 hour stimulation with S100A9 strongly reduced the osteoclastogenic potential of the CD14+ monocytes. Finally, we observed that S100A9 stimulation hampered the M-CSF-induced upregulation of RANK, which could be reversed by addition of the TNFα-inhibitor etanercept, but not the interleukin 1 receptor antagonist.

Conclusions Whereas S100A8/A9 have been previously shown to stimulate the numbers and resorptive capacity of mature osteoclasts, we here show that stimulation of monocytes with S100A9 strongly inhibits their osteoclastogenic potential, possibly via TNFα-induced reduction of RANK expression. This suggests that the timing of exposure to S100A8/A9 is an important determinant for monocyte-to-osteoclast differentiation.

Disclosure of interest None declared

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.