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P069 S100a9 mediates acute nociceptive pain in experimental synovitis
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  1. A Blom,
  2. M van den Bosch,
  3. E Geven,
  4. E Blaney Davidson,
  5. P van der Kraan,
  6. P van Lent
  1. Experimental Rheumatology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands

Abstract

Introduction Synovitis-associated pain is an important aspect of arthritis pathology. Several inflammatory mediators released by the synovium have been implicated in the regulation of pain, including S100A8 and S100A9 which may regulate pain either via direct stimulation of TLR4 on the nerve endings in the synovium or via stimulation at the site of the dorsal root ganglia (DRG), thereby enabling an increased phagocyte infiltration, which may cause sensitisation.

Objectives To elucidate the role of S100A9 in the pain response after induction of an acute synovitis using streptococcal cell walls (SCW) as a trigger, comparing S100A9-/- mice and their WT controls.

Methods Acute synovitis was induced by a single i.a. injection of SCW in the knee joint of C57Bl6 (WT) mice and S100A9-/- mice, control mice received an i.a. saline injection. Serum S100A8/A9 levels were investigated by ELISA. Joint swelling and cell influx was assessed by 99mTc accumulation and histology. Pain response were investigated using an Incapacitance Tester (weight bearing), Catwalk (gait analysis) and von Frey’s filaments (mechanical allodynia). Gene expression of inflammatory mediators and neuron activation markers in DRG were determined by q-PCR. Monocyte influx and protein expression was monitored by immunohistochemistry (IHC).

Results A single i.a. injection of SCW resulted in increased synovial expression of S100A8 and S100A9 and subsequent increased serum S100A8/A9 levels at day 1, which returned to basal levels at day 7. Joint swelling and cell influx were similar in WT and S100A9-/- mice at day 1 day excluding a role for S100A8/9 in the level of synovitis. WT mice showed a marked and significant decrease in percentage of weight bearing on the SCW injected hindpaw (28%) compared to saline injection (47%, p<0.001) at day 1, whereas S100A9-/- mice did not. In addition, the stand-phase of the unaffected paws were significantly increased in WT mice 1 day p.i., while in S100A9-/- mice these parameters were not altered. Both mouse strains showed a similar reduction of paw withdrawal threshold, excluding a role for S100A8/9 in allodynia. Analysis of DRG showed no increased phagocyte infiltration after SCW injection and no change in gene expression of MCP-1, KC, IL-1β or TNF was measured. In addition, no change in F4/80 staining was seen in both WT and S100A9-/- mice. However, expression of neuron activation markers NAV1.7, ATF3 and GAP43 were significantly increased at 1 day after SCW injection in WT mice as compared to saline injected mice (p=0.022, 0.004 and 0.030, respectively) while no regulation was found in S100A9-/- mice, which is in line in with the reduced pain response observed earlier in S100A9-/- mice. The difference in NAV1.7 expression in the DRG was further confirmed at protein level with IHC.

Conclusions These findings show that S100A9 is an important mediator of inflammatory nociceptive pain response in the knee, rather than being involved in peripheral sensitisation. During the acute phase of inflammation S100A8/A9 is likely regulated via direct activation of TLR4 on nerve endings in the synovium and not via monocyte infiltration in the DRG.

Disclosure of interest None declared

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