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Increased stroke incidence in systemic lupus erythematosus patients: risk factors or disease itself?
  1. Vincenzo Bruzzese,
  2. Angelo Zullo
  1. Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Nuovo Regina Margherita’Hospital, Roma, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Angelo Zullo, Ospedale Nuovo Regina Margherita, Via Emilio Morosini, 30 00153 Roma, Italy; angelozullo66{at}

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We read with great interest the recent study by Arkema et al showing that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at increased risk for ischaemic (but not haemorrhagic) stroke as compared with Swedish general population (HR 2.2, 95% CI 1.7 to 2.8).1 The risk …

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  • VB and AZ contributed equally.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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