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Factors associated with disease progression in early-diagnosed pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with systemic sclerosis: longitudinal data from the DETECT cohort
  1. Carina Mihai1,2,
  2. Milos Antic2,
  3. Rucsandra Dobrota1,2,
  4. Diana Bonderman3,
  5. Harbajan Chadha-Boreham4,
  6. John Gerry Coghlan5,
  7. Christopher P Denton6,
  8. Martin Doelberg4,
  9. Ekkehard Grünig7,
  10. Dinesh Khanna8,
  11. Vallerie V McLaughlin9,
  12. Ulf Müller-Ladner10,
  13. Janet E Pope11,
  14. Daniel M Rosenberg4,
  15. James R Seibold12,13,
  16. Madelon C Vonk14,
  17. Oliver Distler2
  1. 1 Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Dr. Ion Cantacuzino Clinical Hospital, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  2. 2 Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  3. 3 Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  4. 4 Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Allschwil, Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland
  5. 5 Department of Cardiology, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK
  6. 6 Centre for Rheumatology, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK
  7. 7 Centre for Pulmonary Hypertension, Thoraxclinic, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  8. 8 Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
  9. 9 Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
  10. 10 Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
  11. 11 Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Western University of Canada, London, Canada
  12. 12 Scleroderma Research Consultants, Litchfield, Connecticut, USA
  13. 13 Department of Rheumatology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
  14. 14 Department of Rheumatology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Oliver Distler, Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Zurich, Gloriastr. 25, 8091 Zürich, Switzerland; oliver.distler{at}usz.ch

Footnotes

  • Handling editor Tore K Kvien

  • Contributors All authors participated in study design. OD, MA, DK, JGC, CPD, EG, DB, UM-L, JEP, MCV, JRS and VVM recruited patients to the DETECT study and collected data. HC-B and DMR conducted the statistical analyses. CM, RD and OD drafted the manuscript, which was critically reviewed, edited and approved for submission by all authors.

  • Funding Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd. funded the DETECT study including is longitudinal phase presented in this manuscript.

  • Competing interests CM has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received honoraria from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, AbbVie, Roche and Geneva Romfarm in the area of systemic sclerosis and its complications. MA: no disclosures. RD has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals and Pfizer (Articulum fellowship). DB has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Bayer, Pfizer, AOP Orphan and United Therapeutics. JGC has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline, United Therapeutics, Bayer and Endotronix. CPD has/had consultancy relationships, received lecture honoraria and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi-Aventis and Novartis. EG received speaker honoraria/advisory board fees and has taken part in clinical trials from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Bayer, United Therapeutics, Pfizer, OMT, AOP Orphan and Novartis. DK has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Covis, Cytori, EMD Serono, Genentech/Roche, Gilead, GSK, Sanofi-Aventis and NIH K24AR063120. VVM has acted as a consultant and/or received honoraria/lecture fees from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Gilead and United Therapeutics. She has received research funding (to the University of Michigan) from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Novartis and United Therapeutics. UM-L has acted as a consultant and lecturer for Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline. JEP consults for Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck and Roche with respect to potential SSc treatment. JRS has/had consultancy relationships with Acer, Anthera, arGen-X, aTyr, Bayer, Blade, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers Squibb, Biogen Idec, Covis, Eiger, EMD Serono, Genkyotex, Gilead, Ironwood, Medac, MedImmune, Mitsubishi, Octapharma, Roche-Genentech, Sanofi, Teva and United Therapeutics. MCV has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Therabel and United Therapeutics. HC-B, MD and DMR are employees of Actelion Pharmaceuticals. OD has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from 4D Science, Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Active Biotec, Bayer, Biogen Idec, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Bristol-Myers Squibb, ChemomAb, EpiPharm, Ergonex, espeRare Foundation, GlaxoSmithKline, Roche-Genentech, Inventiva, Lilly, Medac, MedImmune, Mitsubishi Tanabe, Pharmacyclics, Pfizer, Sanofi, Serodapharm and Sinoxa in the area of potential treatments of scleroderma and its complications. He has a patent on mir-29 for the treatment of systemic sclerosis licensed.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Local institutional review boards/ethics committees of participating centres.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Handling editor Tore K Kvien

  • Contributors All authors participated in study design. OD, MA, DK, JGC, CPD, EG, DB, UM-L, JEP, MCV, JRS and VVM recruited patients to the DETECT study and collected data. HC-B and DMR conducted the statistical analyses. CM, RD and OD drafted the manuscript, which was critically reviewed, edited and approved for submission by all authors.

  • Funding Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd. funded the DETECT study including is longitudinal phase presented in this manuscript.

  • Competing interests CM has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received honoraria from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, AbbVie, Roche and Geneva Romfarm in the area of systemic sclerosis and its complications. MA: no disclosures. RD has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals and Pfizer (Articulum fellowship). DB has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Bayer, Pfizer, AOP Orphan and United Therapeutics. JGC has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline, United Therapeutics, Bayer and Endotronix. CPD has/had consultancy relationships, received lecture honoraria and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi-Aventis and Novartis. EG received speaker honoraria/advisory board fees and has taken part in clinical trials from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Bayer, United Therapeutics, Pfizer, OMT, AOP Orphan and Novartis. DK has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Covis, Cytori, EMD Serono, Genentech/Roche, Gilead, GSK, Sanofi-Aventis and NIH K24AR063120. VVM has acted as a consultant and/or received honoraria/lecture fees from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Gilead and United Therapeutics. She has received research funding (to the University of Michigan) from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Novartis and United Therapeutics. UM-L has acted as a consultant and lecturer for Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline. JEP consults for Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck and Roche with respect to potential SSc treatment. JRS has/had consultancy relationships with Acer, Anthera, arGen-X, aTyr, Bayer, Blade, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers Squibb, Biogen Idec, Covis, Eiger, EMD Serono, Genkyotex, Gilead, Ironwood, Medac, MedImmune, Mitsubishi, Octapharma, Roche-Genentech, Sanofi, Teva and United Therapeutics. MCV has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Therabel and United Therapeutics. HC-B, MD and DMR are employees of Actelion Pharmaceuticals. OD has/had consultancy relationship and/or has received research funding from 4D Science, Actelion Pharmaceuticals, Active Biotec, Bayer, Biogen Idec, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Bristol-Myers Squibb, ChemomAb, EpiPharm, Ergonex, espeRare Foundation, GlaxoSmithKline, Roche-Genentech, Inventiva, Lilly, Medac, MedImmune, Mitsubishi Tanabe, Pharmacyclics, Pfizer, Sanofi, Serodapharm and Sinoxa in the area of potential treatments of scleroderma and its complications. He has a patent on mir-29 for the treatment of systemic sclerosis licensed.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Local institutional review boards/ethics committees of participating centres.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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