Background Some patients with palindromic rheumatism (PR) may develop a chronic connective tissue disease, mainly rheumatoid arthritis (RA). About one to two-thirds of PR patients developed RA during a period of follow-up. Periodontitis (PD) has been found to be associated with RA risk. However, the association between PD and PR risk is unknown.
Objectives To estimate the association between a history of PD and the risk of incident PR.
Methods This study used a nationwide, administrative database to identify PR cases and non-PR controls. After exclusion of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis or polymyositis before the first PR diagnosis date (index date), we identified 4,421 newly-diagnosed PR cases from 2007 to 2012 and randomly selected 44,210 non-PR controls matched (1:10) for sex, age, and the year of the index date. After adjusting for comorbid diabetes mellitus, we estimated odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by conditional logistic regression analysis to quantify the association between a history of PD and the risk of PR. The influences of the lag time and severity of PD were examined by calculating ORs for subgroups of patients based on time interval between the last PD-related visit and the index date and PD-related cumulative cost and visit number.
Results This study showed an association between a history of PD and newly diagnosed PR (OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.41–1.61). The association remained significant after variation of PD definitions. The magnitude of the association was greater in those who had shorter lag time between the last date of PD diagnosis and PR index date and those who had a higher number of visits for PD or greater cumulative cost of PD-related visits.
Conclusions This study demonstrated a time- and dose-dependent association between PD exposure and PR risk.
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Chen HH, Huang N, Chen YM, et al. Association between a history of periodontitis and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a nationwide, population-based, case-control study. Annals Rheumatic Diseases 2013;72(7):1206–11.
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the Biostatistics Task Force of Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC for statistical support.
Disclosure of Interest None declared