Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most frequent chronic rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD), and one of the leading causes of pain and disability worldwide. Physical activity is a key lifestyle advice along with weight reduction if overweight. However, data on the amount of physical activity in patients with OA are limited.
Objectives To examine physical activity in people referred to specialist care for their OA.
Methods Patients with known OA with moderate to severe OA referred to a specialist clinic in Oslo, Norway were after informed consent mailed questionnaires on demographic data and physical activity before visiting the clinic. Of 391 people, 86% (n=338) were females with mean age (SD) 61.2 (7.8) years). Patients rated their weekly physical activity that included shortness of breath, based on experiences from the last two weeks. Other patient reported outcomes included pain, fatigue and stiffness on numeric rating scales, and body mass index (BMI). Through descriptive statistics and explorative analyses the group was described. Patients who fulfilled 3 hours of physical activity per week or more were slightly leaner and had a numerically lower BMI than those who were less physically active (non-significant differences, data not shown) than those who were less physically active.
Results See tables.
Conclusions 29.9% (N=117/391) of OA patients fulfilled the recommended minimum of 3 hours of physical activity per week, while almost 14% reported not being physically active at all. To enhance recommended physical activity, emphasis on physical activity in OA is required during clinical care as well as easy access to programmes for health-enhancing physical activity. These interventions may decrease the burden of OA in the future.
Disclosure of Interest None declared
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