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On the HUNT for cardiovascular risk factors and disease in patients with psoriatic arthritis: population-based data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study


Objective To compare the presence of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and established CV disease in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and the general population and to compare the 10-year risk of a fatal CV event calculated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) algorithm.

Methods Patients with PsA (n=338) and controls (n=50 468) were recruited from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 3. Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of CV risk factors and comorbidity were calculated and the SCORE algorithm was applied.

Results There was an increased prevalence of angina pectoris (5.0% vs 3.6%, p=0.01), history of percutaneous coronary intervention (2.4% vs 1.4%, p=0.04), hypertension (45.3% vs 39.3%, p=0.01), obesity (32.0% vs 22.4%) and tobacco smoking (21.3% vs 16.4%, p=0.02) in patients with PsA compared with controls. Patients with PsA had elevated levels of C reactive protein (CRP; p<0.001), body mass index (BMI; p<0.001) and triglycerides (p=0.01). The median calculated CV risk in patients with PsA was low and comparable with controls (0.87 vs 0.83, p=0.24). The distribution across CV risk classes was similar among patients with PsA and controls.

Conclusions Patients with PsA have a higher risk of CV disease than the background population, although there was no difference between groups in 10-year risk of a fatal CV event estimated by SCORE. However, patients with PsA had elevated levels of CV risk factors not included in the SCORE algorithm, such as BMI, triglycerides and CRP.

  • Arthritis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Epidemiology

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