Article Text

Extended report
Certolizumab pegol in rheumatoid arthritis patients with low to moderate activity: the CERTAIN double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial
  1. J S Smolen1,
  2. P Emery2,3,
  3. G F Ferraccioli4,
  4. W Samborski5,
  5. F Berenbaum6,
  6. O R Davies7,
  7. W Koetse8,
  8. O Purcaru7,
  9. B Bennett9,
  10. H Burkhardt10
  1. 1Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine 3, Medical University of Vienna, and 2nd Department of Medicine, Hietzing Hospital, Vienna, Austria
  2. 2Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds, UK
  3. 3NIHR Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK
  4. 4Institute of Rheumatology and Affine Sciences, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
  5. 5University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  6. 6Department of Rheumatology, DHU i2B, INSERM UMR-S938, Pierre & Marie Curie University Paris 06, Saint-Antoine hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France
  7. 7UCB Pharma, Brussels, Belgium
  8. 8UCB Pharma, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
  9. 9BABennett Consulting, Marietta, USA
  10. 10CIRI/Division of Rheumatology and Fraunhofer TMP, Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Professor Josef S Smolen, Department of Medicine 3, Division of Rheumatology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090, Austria; josef.smolen{at}wienkav.at, josef.smolen{at}meduniwien.ac.at

Abstract

Objectives This 52-week, randomised, double-blind phase IIIb study assessed efficacy and safety of certolizumab pegol (CZP) as add-on therapy to non-biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with low to moderate disease activity, and stopping therapy in patients in sustained remission.

Methods Patients were randomised 1:1 to CZP (400 mg at weeks 0, 2 and 4, then 200 mg every 2 weeks) or placebo (every 2 weeks) plus current non-biologic DMARDs. At week 24, patients who achieved the primary endpoint of Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) remission at both weeks 20 and 24 stopped study treatment and continued in the study until week 52.

Results Of 194 patients (CZP=96; placebo=98), >90% had moderate disease activity at baseline. Significantly more CZP patients met the primary endpoint than placebo patients (week 20 and 24 CDAI remission rates: 18.8% vs 6.1%; p≤0.05). At week 24, 63.0% vs 29.7% of CZP versus placebo patients (p<0.001) achieved LDA. Disease activity score (ESR) based on 28-joint count and Simplified Disease Activity Index remission rates were also significantly higher with CZP versus placebo (19.8% vs 3.1%; p≤0.01 and 14.6% vs 4.1%; p≤0.05). CZP patients reported improvements in physical function versus placebo (mean Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability-Index change from baseline: CZP, −0.25 vs placebo, −0.03; p≤0.01). During the period following withdrawal of CZP or placebo, only 3/17 prior CZP patients and 2/6 prior placebo patients maintained CDAI remission until week 52, but CZP reinstitution allowed renewed improvement. Adverse and serious adverse event rates were comparable between CZP and placebo groups.

Conclusions Addition of CZP to non-biologic DMARDs is an effective treatment in RA patients with predominantly moderate disease activity, allowing low-disease activity or remission to be reached in a majority of the patients. However, the data suggest that CZP cannot be withdrawn in patients achieving remission.

Trial registration number NCT00674362.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Anti-TNF
  • Disease Activity
  • DMARDs (biologic)

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