Article Text

Download PDFPDF

The EULAR Outcome Measures Library: an evolutional database of validated patient-reported instruments
  1. Isabel Castrejón1,
  2. Laure Gossec2,
  3. Loreto Carmona3
  1. 1 Division of Rheumatology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  2. 2 Department of Rheumatology, UPMC Univ Paris 06, GRC-UPMC 08 (EEMOIS), AP-HP, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France
  3. 3 Instituto de Salud Musculoesquelética, Madrid, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Isabel Castrejón, Division of Rheumatology, Rush University Medical Center, 1611 West Harrison Street, Suite 510, Chicago, IL 60612, USA; isabel_castrejon{at}, isabelcastrejonf{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Multiple instruments to assess the patient's perception of disease activity and other critical domains are used in rheumatology to evaluate treatment response and guide clinical decisions. These instruments, known as patient-reported outcomes (PROs), allow to incorporate the patient's perspective.1 Despite PROs being increasingly recognised as important measures, there is great heterogeneity in their use.2 In order to overcome the difficulty in accessing validated PROs and the heterogeneity in its use,3 an initiative to generate a repository of the main cross-culturally validated PROs in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) was endorsed by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). The main idea was to develop a structured Outcome Measures Library (OML) that would include a comprehensive database of validated PROs.

The international taskforce defined in 2011 the scope, aims, users and ways to collect the data using standardised forms to summarise the relevant information on each PRO. The data collected include the instrument itself, languages in which it is validated, relevant references, developer contact information and psychometric properties based on the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist.4 PROs included have evidence of documented validity published in a peer-reviewed journal and have been validated at least in English.

In 2012–2013, specialists from each field of RMDs performed different systematic reviews. The included PROs cover any domain of health, with an emphasis on those of the International Classification of Functioning framework.5 PROs are generic (across diseases) or specific, with a special focus on rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, spondylarthritis, low back pain, systemic lupus, gout, osteoporosis, fibromyalgia and paediatric measures.

A total of 15 methodological collaborators and 11 reviewers participated in this project. In total, 236 instruments were identified through 9 systematic reviews (106 generic and 130 specific). This is an in-progress library led by rheumatologists freely available online since November 2013 ( (figure 1) and connected to the main EULAR website. PROs search can be performed by disease, domain or language. A glossary with validation aspects is also included for educational support. The EULAR OML will be regularly updated using search strategy alerts in PubMed on a yearly basis and creating a network of volunteers, in as many European countries as possible, who may propose the inclusion of new instruments. We invite everyone to contact us if potential gaps on diseases, domains or validation are detected.

Figure 1

European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Outcome Measures Library website (

Over the first part of 2014, the EULAR OML accumulated 1685 page views and 706 visits, with the European countries with most users being France (106 visits), the UK (105), Belgium (82), Germany (78) and Spain (71). Interestingly, other non-European countries are also users of the Library, in particular the USA (1047), China (165) and Japan (123).

Important goals for this Library are to reduce variability in PROs use, to improve the knowledge and interest of the rheumatology community on PROs and validation, to highlight the importance of using the right tool in the appropriate way and to detect gaps on cross-cultural adaptation.

In summary, we present the new EULAR OML as a freely available website with structured access to a growing database of validated PROs. We expect that unified access to PROs will not only contribute to improve research but also enhance the use of these measures in clinical practice.


We would like to thank all methodologists who help to develop the Library, all the expert reviewers and the PROs developers who kindly helped us to improve the Library.



  • Contributors IC, LG and LC conceived, designed and supervised the project. IC drafted the manuscript, and LG and LC contributed to revising the manuscript.

  • Funding This work was supported by EULAR.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.