Statistics from Altmetric.com
The standard serological tests included in the classification criteria1 for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are those to detect immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM antibodies to cardiolipin (aCL) or β-2-glycoprotein I (anti-β2GPI) and the lupus anticoagulant. It is increasingly recognised, however, that some patients have typical thrombotic and non-thrombotic features of APS but test repeatedly negative in these routinely used assays. It has been suggested that these patients have the so-called seronegative APS (SN-APS).2 In a retrospective study, there were no significant differences in clinical manifestations between 87 patients with seropositive APS and 67 with SN-APS.3 Several authors have suggested that in these ‘seronegative’ patients, clinically relevant antibodies can be detected by looking for different isotypes, particularly IgA2 and/or different antigen specificity4 or by using different techniques4 ,5 than those of the routine assays. In a recent …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.