Background People with musculoskeletal conditions (MSCs) tend to be less physically active1 and more deconditioned than healthy controls2. Recommendations for management of MSCs emphasize exercise as an important part of the treatment3. According to current recommendations, patients should be offered an individually tailored exercise program focusing on health-related physical fitness4. To improve the clinical usefulness of fitness-measures capturing the patients physical fitness, relevant reference values for these instruments are needed.
Objectives The objective was to establish reference values and distribution of scores for frequently used measures of health-related physical fitness derived from age- and gender-groups of the general population.
Methods In a cross-sectional study, 370 males and females 18-90 years of age were recruited. Five tests (6 min walk test, stair test, handgrip test, 30 sec sit-to-stand test and modified fingertip-to-floor test) and two questionnaires (Physical fitness questionnaire and COOP/WONCA) were included.
Results Performance on all tests, except the modified fingertip-to-floor test, were stable until about 50 years of age, later performance was reduced with increasing age. Responses on patient-reported instrument were stable with gender and age. Distribution of scores are presented i Kernel plots.
Conclusions The reference values can improve the interpretability and clinical usefulness of fitness measures.
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Hodselmans et al. Nonspecific chronic low back pain patients are deconditioned and have an increased body fat percentage. Int J Rehabil Res 2010; 33(3):268-270.
Hochberg et al. American College of Rheumatology 2012 recommendations for the use of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies in osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Arthr Care Res 2012; 64(4):465-474.
Nelson et al. Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the ACSM and the AHA. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39(8):1435-1445
Disclosure of Interest None Declared
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