Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Concise report
Smoking and delay to diagnosis are associated with poorer functional outcome in psoriatic arthritis
  1. William Tillett1,
  2. Deepak Jadon1,
  3. Gavin Shaddick2,
  4. Charlotte Cavill3,
  5. Eleanor Korendowych1,
  6. Corinne S de Vries4,
  7. Neil McHugh1,4
  1. 1Department of Rheumatology, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath, UK
  2. 2Department of Mathematics, University of Bath, Bath, UK
  3. 3Bath Institute for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath, UK
  4. 4Department of Pharmacy and Bath Pharmacology, University of Bath, Bath, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr William Tillett, Department of Rheumatology, Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Upper Borough Walls, Bath BA11RL, UK; w.tillett{at}


Objective To identify predictors of poorer physical function in established psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

Methods PsA patients with disease duration of ≥10 years were identified from the Bath longitudinal cohort. Physical function was assessed using the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Sex, age at diagnosis, duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis, smoking, treatment and year of diagnosis were included in a multivariable regression analysis to identify associations with HAQ.

Results 267 patients were identified for inclusion. The median age was 56 years (IQR 45–63), median disease duration was 13 years (IQR 10–18) and median HAQ score was 0.63 (IQR 0.13–1.25). The model predicted significant increases in HAQ related to smoking (0.23, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.42), age >50 years at diagnosis (0.27, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.51), symptom duration of ≥1 year before diagnosis (0.22, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.42), female sex (0.39, 95% CI 0.20 to 0.57) and history of treatment with an anti-TNF agent (0.63, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.93) at follow-up.

Conclusions Smoking, delay to diagnosis, older age at diagnosis, female sex and a history of anti-TNF treatment are associated with worse physical function in established PsA.

  • Outcomes research
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Disease Activity

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.