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Muscle fatigue in fibromyalgia is in the brain, not in the muscles: a case–control study of perceived versus objective muscle fatigue
  1. Elisabeth Bandak1,
  2. Kirstine Amris1,
  3. Henning Bliddal1,2,
  4. Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe1,2,
  5. Marius Henriksen1
  1. 1Department of Rheumatology, The Parker Institute, Copenhagen University Hospital, Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark
  2. 2Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to Dr Marius Henriksen, Department of Rheumatology, The Parker Institute, Copenhagen University Hospital, Frederiksberg, Ndr. Fasanvej 57, Copenhagen DK-2000, Denmark; marius.henriksen{at}


Objective To investigate relationships between perceived and objectively measured muscle fatigue during exhausting muscle contractions in women with fibromyalgia (FM) compared with healthy controls (HC).

Methods Women with FM and HC completed an isometric muscle exhaustion task at 90° shoulder abduction. Surface electromyographic (EMG) activity in the deltoid muscle was recorded together with self-reported level of muscle fatigue.

Results 25 participants with FM and 23 HC were included. Average time to exhaustion was 254 s shorter in participants with FM than in HC. Participants with FM did not exhibit the same level of objective signs of muscle fatigue, seen as fewer changes in the EMG activity, as the HC during the exhaustion task. The task did not provoke pain in the HC, while participants with FM reported a doubling of pain.

Conclusions Women with FM had shorter exhaustion times and showed fewer objective signs of muscle fatigue during an exhausting isometric shoulder abduction compared with younger HC. This indicates that perceived muscle fatigue may be of central origin and supports the notion of central nervous dysfunction as basic pathological changes in FM.

  • Fibromyalgis/Pain Syndromes
  • Physcial therapy
  • Patient perspective

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