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Homocysteine (Hcy) is an amino acid formed by demethylation of methionine. Impaired renal function, enzymatic polymorphisms, and low levels of B-group vitamins dispose to hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy).1 ,2 HHcy as well as hyperurecaemia induce reactive oxygen species and impair endothelial function1 ,3 and are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).1–4 Hcy and urate possibly have additive effects on the endothelial function.5
Studies in normal populations have shown positive correlations between p-Hcy and p-urate,6 ,7 but reports on the prevalence of HHcy in gout patients have shown conflicting results.8–10
To study the prevalence of HHcy in gout—133 …
Contributors The author collected the data, conducted the study and wrote the manuscript.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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