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Power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) is a valid technique to detect, quantify and monitor synovial vascularisation in chronic inflammatory arthropathies.1,–,5 Despite this, its reliability is a major issue, and a consistent body of evidence emphasising the influence of several factors in PDUS variability has been published in the last few years.6,–,9 Thus, the minimisation of all potential sources of variability emerges as a crucial need.
Since in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) joint stiffness and pain show a clear circadian variation,10 we aimed at determining whether the PDUS signal of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints might vary according to the time of day in RA patients.
A total of 10 RA patients with active disease (DAS28 >3.2) despite disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or biological treatment, recruited from the two rheumatology departments involved, underwent three PDUS examinations of MCP joints, during the same day, at three different times: T0, between 7:00 and 10:00; T1, 4–6 …
GF and EF contributed equally to this work. M-CB and WG contributed equally to this work.
Competing interests None.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Comité de Protection des Personnes Île-de-France, Hôpital Robert Ballanger. Aulnay Sous Bois, France. Comitato Etico dell' Azienda Sanitaria Unica Regionale di Ancona, Italy.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.