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AA amyloidosis is a serious complication of chronic inflammatory and infectious diseases.1 Amyloid fibril deposition causes progressive deterioration in various organs.
In October 2007, a 50-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with severe diarrhoea and weight loss. She had had rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for 12 years. Despite vigorous treatment with prednisolone and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), including bucillamine, sulfasalazine, auranofin, leflunomide and methotrexate or tacrolimus, her disease remained active.
In January 2007, treatment was started with biological drugs. Subcutaneous injection of 25 mg of etanercept twice weekly for 2 months and, subsequently, intravenous injection of 3 mg/kg infliximab for 5 months combined with 20 mg of prednisolone …
Funding: This study was supported by the Program for Promotion of Fundamental Studies in Health Sciences of the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation.
Competing interests: TK holds a patent for tocilizumab. The other authors declare no competing interests.
Ethics approval: Approval from the ethics committee of Osaka University Hospital.
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