Background: Human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes were previously classified into L (low)- and H (high)-OA according to matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) basal levels and interleukin 1β (IL1β) inducibility. In H-OA chondrocytes, the regulatory proteins p130cas and nuclear matrix protein 4 (NMP4) acting on the MMP-13 promoter were identified.
Objective: To identify regulators of MMP-13 expression/production in human L-OA chondrocytes, to determine their effect on the expression of other MMPs and the effect of IL1β on these molecules.
Methods: The identification of the L-OA chondrocyte proteins interacting specifically with the AGRE site of the MMP-13 promoter was performed by mass spectrometry. Heat shock protein 90β (Hsp90β), p130cas and NMP4 small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were transfected into L-OA chondrocytes and incubated with or without IL1β. Gene expression was determined by real-time PCR, MMP-1 and MMP-13 production by ELISA, and signalling pathway activation by western blotting and ELISA.
Results: Hsp90β was identified as a protein of the L-OA/AGRE-specific complex. Silencing p130cas and Hsp90β significantly increased MMP-13 expression (about four- and twofold, respectively) and production. sip130cas affected to a lesser extent MMP-1 expression (twofold) and production. siNMP4 showed no effect. Expression of MMP-2, -3, -9 and -14 was unaffected. Silencing both Hsp90β and p130cas had a significant additive effect on MMP-13, but not on MMP-1 expression, the level of which was similar to that with sip130cas alone. IL1β decreased p130cas and Hsp90β expression/production, indicating another pathway by which this cytokine upregulates MMP expression. The IL1β-triggered signalling pathways responsible for MMP upregulation were unaffected in the silenced cells.
Conclusion: This study illustrates the complex regulation of MMP-13 by showing the inhibitory effect of the two cytoplasmic molecules, p130cas and Hsp90β, in L-OA chondrocytes.
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