Objective: To investigate the possible implication of SDF1-3′ polymorphism in systemic sclerosis (SSc) susceptibility or clinical phenotype, or both.
Methods: 150 patients with SSc and 150 controls were enrolled. Skin involvement, autoantibodies, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), scleroderma renal crisis, past and/or current skin ulcers were assessed. Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP.
Results: Genotype distribution and allele frequency were similar in SSc and controls. SDF1-3′A allele and SDF1-3′GA/AA genotype frequencies were significantly higher in SSc-PAH than in SSc-non-PAH (33.3% vs 18.3%, p = 0.01) and in SSc with skin ulcers than in SSc without ulcers (27.3% vs 16.9%, p = 0.03). The SDF1-3′A allele influenced the predisposition to SSc-related PAH (OR = 2.52, 95% CI 1.11 to 5.69, p = 0.02) and skin ulcers (OR = 2.31, 95% CI 1.18 to 4.52, p = 0.01). After adjustment for age and gender, the SDF1-3′A allele remained a susceptibility factor for the SSc-related vascular manifestations (PAH: OR = 2.37, 95% CI 1.04 to 5.42, p = 0.04; ulcers: OR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.78 to 4.62, p = 0.01).
Conclusion: The SDF1-3′A allele is significantly associated with microvascular involvement in SSc.
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Competing interests: None.
Funding: This study has been supported by grants from the Ministero Italiano dell’Università e della Ricerca (MIUR) and the Associazione per lo studio della Sclerosi Sistemica e delle Malattie Fibrosanti (ASSMaF onlus).
Ethics approval: Approved by the local ethics committees.