Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy of intra-articular infliximab in a patient with a persistent monarthritis who had previously had two arthroscopic synovectomies with limited success, and to determine the effect of intra-articular infliximab on synovial membrane pathology
Method: Arthroscopic synovial biopsy specimens were collected before and after treatment with intra-articular infliximab. The synovial tissue was stained for a range of inflammatory cell subsets, cell adhesion molecules and cytokines using immunohistochemical techniques and quantified using digital image analysis and a semiquantitative scoring method.
Results: Clinical improvement in the knee synovitis was seen after the first two intra-articular infliximab treatments, with a sustained clinical remission lasting for more than 12 months after the third treatment. Significant changes in cellular infiltration and expression of cytokines and cell adhesion molecules occurred as a result of treatment with intra-articular infliximab, with a reduction in some but not all cells in the inflammatory infiltrate, as well as a reduction in the expression of cell adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular adhesion molecule-1) and production of cytokines (interleukin 1β and tumour necrosis factor α).
Conclusion: Intra-articular infliximab administration is a viable treatment for a persistent monarthritis resistant to other treatment options and can successfully modulate the inflammatory milieu within the synovial membrane.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Funding: Supported by the Daw Park Research Foundation, National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and the Arthritis Foundation of Australia.
Competing interests: None declared.
Ethics approval: Ethics committee approval obtained.
Patient consent: Obtained.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.