Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Vitamin K in hand osteoarthritis: results from a randomised clinical trial


Objectives: Vitamin K has bone and cartilage effects, and previously shown to be associated with radiographic osteoarthritis. We evaluated vitamin K’s effect on hand osteoarthritis in a randomised controlled trial.

Methods: This was an ancillary study to a randomised controlled trial assessing the effects of phylloquinone supplementation (vitamin K arm) versus placebo on bone loss and vascular calcification among older adults regardless of their vitamin K status. At the final 3-year study visit, we assessed the effects of vitamin K versus placebo on hand x-ray features of osteoarthritis using logistic regression and intention to treat, and also restricted analysis to the subgroup that had insufficient vitamin K concentrations at baseline.

Results: This ancillary study had 378 participants (193 in vitamin K arm, 185 in placebo arm). There were no effects of randomisation to vitamin K for radiographic osteoarthritis outcomes. Those with insufficient vitamin K at baseline who attained sufficient concentrations at follow-up had trends towards 47% less joint space narrowing (p = 0.02).

Conclusions: There was no overall effect of vitamin K on radiographic hand osteoarthritis. Subjects that were insufficient in vitamin K at baseline who attained sufficient concentrations at follow-up may have had a benefit in joint space narrowing. A clinical trial in those who are vitamin K insufficient may be warranted.

Trial registration number: NCT00183001.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.