Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Classification criteria for Sjögren's syndrome: a revised version of the European criteria proposed by the American-European Consensus Group
  1. C Vitali1,
  2. S Bombardieri1,
  3. R Jonsson2,
  4. H M Moutsopoulos3,
  5. E L Alexander4,
  6. S E Carsons5,
  7. T E Daniels6,
  8. P C Fox7,
  9. R I Fox8,
  10. S S Kassan9,
  11. S R Pillemer10,
  12. N Talal11,
  13. M H Weisman12,
  14. and the European Study Group on Classification Criteria for Sjögren's Syndrome
  1. 1Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology Units, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
  2. 2Broegelmann Research Laboratory, University of Bergen, Norway
  3. 3Department of Pathophysiology, Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
  4. 4Experimental and Clinical Research, Arena Pharmaceuticals, Inc, San Diego, California, USA
  5. 5Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Winthrop-University Hospital, Mineola, New York; Department of Medicine Health Science Center at Stony Brook, USA
  6. 6School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
  7. 7Research and Development, Amarillo Biosciences, Inc, Amarillo, Texas, USA
  8. 8Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla, California, USA
  9. 9Division of Rheumatology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA
  10. 10NIDCR, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  11. 11Department of Medicine, University of Texas, San Antonio, Texas, USA (retired)
  12. 12Division of Rheumatology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr C Vitali, Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Ospedale “Villamarina”, 57025 Piombino (LI), Italy;


Classification criteria for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) were developed and validated between 1989 and 1996 by the European Study Group on Classification Criteria for SS, and broadly accepted. These have been re-examined by consensus group members, who have introduced some modifications, more clearly defined the rules for classifying patients with primary or secondary SS, and provided more precise exclusion criteria.

  • Sjögren's syndrome
  • consensus report
  • classification
  • CTD, connective tissue disease
  • HCV, hepatitis C virus
  • ROC, receiver operating characteristic
  • SS, Sjögren's syndrome

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.