Background: High frequency ultrasonography is an accurate non-invasive imaging technique for evaluating patients with painful shoulder.
Objective: To compare the clinical diagnosis established by a physical examination with high frequency ultrasonographic findings in patients with painful shoulder.
Methods: Thirty one consecutive patients with a first flare of shoulder pain were prospectively included in the study. All had a physical examination performed by two blinded rheumatologists. Ultrasonographic examination was carried out within one week of the physical examination by a third rheumatologist experienced in this technique who had no knowledge of the clinical findings. Ultrasonography was considered the optimal diagnostic technique.
Results: Clinical assessment showed low accuracy in the diagnosis of periarticular shoulder lesions.
Conclusion: Ultrasonography should be used wherever possible to improve diagnosis and treatment of painful shoulder.
- physical examination
- shoulder pain
- US, ultrasonography
- PE, physical examination
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