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Combination therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: a randomised, controlled, double blind 52 week clinical trial of sulphasalazine and methotrexate compared with the single components
  1. Maxime Dougados,
  2. Bernard Combe,
  3. Alain Cantagrel,
  4. Philippe Goupille,
  5. Patrick Olive,
  6. Manfred Schattenkirchner,
  7. S Meusser,
  8. L Paimela,
  9. Rolf Rau,
  10. Henning Zeidler,
  11. Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo,
  12. Kristiina Peldan
  1. Dr M Dougados, Institut de Rhumatologie, Hardy B, Hôpital Cochin, 27 rue du Fg Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To investigate the potential clinical benefit of a combination therapy.

METHODS 205 patients fulfilling the ACR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), not treated with disease modifying anti-rheumatoid drugs previously, with an early (⩽1 year duration), active (Disease Activity Score (DAS) > 3.0), rheumatoid factor and/or HLA DR 1/4 positive disease were randomised between sulphasalazine (SASP) 2000 (maximum 3000) mg daily (n = 68), or methotrexate (MTX) 7.5 (maximum 15) mg weekly (n = 69) or the combination (SASP + MTX) of both (n = 68).

RESULTS The mean changes in the DAS during the one year follow up of the study was −1.15, −0.87, −1.26 in the SASP, MTX, and SASP + MTX group respectively (p = 0.019). However, there was no statistically significant difference in terms of either EULAR good responders 34%, 38%, 38% or ACR criteria responders 59%, 59%, 65% in the SASP, MTX, and SASP + MTX group respectively. Radiological progression evaluated by the modified Sharp score was very modest in the three groups: mean changes in erosion score: +2.4, +2.4, +1.9, in narrowing score: +2.3, +2.1, +1.6 and in total damage score: +4.6, +4.5, +3.5, in the SASP, MTX, and SASP + MTX groups respectively. Adverse events occurred more frequently in the SASP + MTX group 91% versus 75% in the SASP and MTX group (p = 0.025). Nausea was the most frequent side effect: 32%, 23%, 49% in the SASP, MTX, and SASP + MTX groups respectively (p = 0.007).

CONCLUSION This study suggests that an early initiation therapy of disease modifying drug seems to be of benefit. However, this study was unable to demonstrate a clinically relevant superiority of the combination therapy although several outcomes were in favour of this observation. The tolerability of the three treatment modalities seems acceptable.

  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • combination therapy
  • sulphasalazine
  • methotrexate
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Footnotes

  • Details of authors and institutions given at end of article.

  • Maxime Dougados, Institut de Rhumatologie, Hôpital Cochin, Paris, France; Bernard Combe, Patrick Olive, Fédération de Rhumatologie, Hôpital Lapeyronnie, Montpellier, France; Alain Cantagrel, Service de Rhumatologie, CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, France; Philippe Goupille, Service de Rhumatologie, CHU Trousseau, Tours, France; Manfred Schattenkirchner, Rheuma-Einheit, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universitat, Munich, Germany; S Meusser, Medizinische Klinik III, Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen, Germany; L Paimela, Kivelan Sairaala, Helsinki, Finland; Rolf Rau, Rheumatology, Evangelisches Fachkrankenhaus, Ratingen, Germany; Henning Zeidler, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine and Dermatology, School of Medicine at Hannover, Hannover, Germany; Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo, Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Kristiina Peldan, Jorvi Hospital, Espoo, Finland.

  • Funding: this study was supported in part by a grant from Pharmacia Upjohn.

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