Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Increased endothelin-1 production in fibroblasts derived from patients with systemic sclerosis.
  1. Y Kawaguchi,
  2. K Suzuki,
  3. M Hara,
  4. T Hidaka,
  5. T Ishizuka,
  6. M Kawagoe,
  7. H Nakamura
  1. First Department of Internal Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan.


    OBJECTIVES--To determine whether fibroblasts from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) produce excessive amounts of endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is recognised as having vasoconstrictive properties and as having a potent mitogenic effect on fibroblasts. METHODS--Dermal fibroblasts were removed from 11 patients with SSc and from five normal controls (NC). The assay of ET-1 protein was measured by an ELISA that used two anti-ET-1 antibodies. The gene expression of prepro ET-1 mRNA was evaluated by a reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. RESULTS--Levels of ET-1 protein were significantly higher in SSc fibroblast cultures than in those of normal fibroblasts (p < 0.01). The expression of prepro ET-1 mRNA was also higher in SSc fibroblasts than in normal fibroblasts. The addition of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) increased the production of ET-1 by fibroblasts. CONCLUSION--The findings indicate that the overproduction of ET-1 is a novel abnormal function in SSc fibroblasts, and that ET-1 induced by fibroblasts may play a role in the fibrosis and Raynaud's phenomenon of SSc.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.