Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Protection from interleukin 1 induced destruction of articular cartilage by transforming growth factor beta: studies in anatomically intact cartilage in vitro and in vivo.
  1. H M van Beuningen,
  2. P M van der Kraan,
  3. O J Arntz,
  4. W B van den Berg
  1. Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


    The modulation of interleukin 1 (IL-1) effects on proteoglycan metabolism in intact murine patellar cartilage by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) was investigated in vitro and in vivo. In vitro TGF-beta (400 pmol/l) had no effect on basal proteoglycan degradation. Proteoglycan degradation induced by IL-1, however, was suppressed by TGF-beta in serum free medium alone and in medium supplemented with 0.5 micrograms/ml insulin-like growth factor 1. This suggests a specific regulatory role for TGF-beta under pathological conditions. In contrast with the suppression of breakdown, synthesis of proteoglycans was stimulated by TGF-beta for both basal and IL-1 suppressed proteoglycan synthesis in cultures without insulin-like growth factor. In the presence of insulin-like growth factor no extra effect of TGF-beta on proteoglycan synthesis was observed. With insulin-like growth factor, however, TGF-beta potentiated the ex vivo recovery of IL-1 induced suppression of proteoglycan synthesis. Analogous to the in vitro effects, TGF-beta injected intraarticularly suppressed IL-1 induced proteoglycan degradation. Furthermore, TGF-beta injected into the joint counteracted IL-1 induced suppression of proteoglycan synthesis. This indicates that in vivo also TGF-beta can ameliorate the deleterious effects of IL-1 on the cartilage matrix.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.