The pathophysiology of acute joint inflammation remains unclear. Evidence is available to suggest a neurally mediated component to the inflammatory process. Acute joint inflammation in the rat knee, induced by intra-articular injection of 2% carrageenan, was reduced by 44% in animals whose knee had previously been injected with 1% capsaicin, while chronic joint denervation produced a 37% reduction. These results indicate a significant neurogenic component in this model of acute joint inflammation. Substance P may be the mediator of this response as intra-articular injection of this agent provoked an acute inflammatory response. Pretreatment of the test knee with the substance P antagonist d-Pro4,d-Trp7 9 10-SP(4-11), however, resulted in a 93% reduction of the inflammatory response to carrageenan. This unexpectedly large effect suggests that this substance P antagonist blocks both neurogenic and non-neurogenic mediators of inflammation. Sympathetic efferent fibres innervating the knee joint were not found to contribute to the neurogenic component of the inflammatory process.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.