Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Specificity of anti-Sm antibodies by ELISA for systemic lupus erythematosus: increased sensitivity of detection using purified peptide antigens.
  1. M Field,
  2. D G Williams,
  3. P Charles,
  4. R N Maini
  1. Clinical Immunology Division, Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Hammersmith, London.


    Sm antigen was purified by immunoaffinity chromatography using a murine monoclonal anti-Sm antibody and was confirmed to be free from contaminating polypeptides. This was then used to detect anti-Sm antibodies in patients' sera by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Antibodies against Sm were detected in only 9/52 (17%) patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by immunodiffusion, but 15/52 (29%) were positive for IgG anti-Sm antibodies by ELISA. The presence of anti-Sm antibodies remained disease specific despite the increase in sensitivity of this assay and validates its potential use for clinical application. There was no correlation between the presence of anti-Sm antibodies and any clinical features of SLE. In 23 renal biopsies a membranous component to the glomerulonephritis correlated with anti-Sm antibodies (p less than 0.05). Patients from West Africa, the Carribean Islands, and Asia had a higher prevalence of anti-Sm antibodies than the local Caucasian population.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.