Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Chrysotherapy and thrombocytopenia.
  1. R Madhok,
  2. T Pullar,
  3. H A Capell,
  4. F Dawood,
  5. R D Sturrock,
  6. H M Dick


    In a study of the clinical and immunogenetic profiles of 17 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and thrombocytopenia (platelet count less than 150 000/mm3 (150 x 10(9)/l)) due to gold therapy two clinical patterns were distinguished without knowledge of HLA type: group I, an early precipitous thrombocytopenia (10 patients), and group II, a less dramatic fluctuant fall (seven patients). In group I patients the clinical and laboratory features suggested an immune mediated, peripheral destruction of platelets, and all patients in this group were found to be HLA-DR3 positive. Two patients subsequently received penicillamine without toxicity. In group II the basis of thrombocytopenia appeared to be different, and only two patients in this group were HLA-DR3 positive. All group II patients had received penicillamine; four developed a thrombocytopenia. Mechanisms of toxicity in both groups are discussed. It would appear that HLA typing in unlikely to help in predicting all those patients at risk of toxicity during chrysotherapy.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.