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Frozen shoulder: prospective clinical study with an evaluation of three treatment regimens.
  1. D Y Bulgen,
  2. A I Binder,
  3. B L Hazleman,
  4. J Dutton,
  5. S Roberts


    Forty-two patients with frozen shoulder were followed up closely for eight months. They were all taught pendular exercises and randomly allocated to one of four treatment groups: (a) intraarticular steroids, (b) mobilisations , (c) ice therapy, (d) no treatment. This study has shown that there is little long-term advantage in any of the treatment regimens but that steroid injections may benefit pain and range of movement in the early stages of the condition.

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