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Spontaneous and induced immunoglobulin secretion by synovial fluid B lymphocytes in rheumatoid arthritis.
  1. J Petersen,
  2. T Ingemann-Hansen,
  3. J S Halkjaer-Kristensen


    The functional properties of B lymphocytes in synovial fluid (SF) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were analysed by means of a reverse haemolytic plaque forming cell (PFC) assay. SF mononuclear cells spontaneously secreted IgG, but little IgM or IgA. The SF cells failed to respond to the polyclonal B cell activators pokeweed mitogen (PWM) and Epstein-Barr virus. However, SF B cells cocultured with autologous T lymphocytes from the blood and stimulated with PWM secreted IgG but little IgM or IgA. The PFC responses of blood B cells cocultured with autologous SF T cells in the presence of PWM were low; irradiation of the T cells increased the blood B lymphocyte responses, but the differences were not statistically significant. It is concluded that suppressor SF T cells may be partly responsible for the poor response of SF B cells to PWM.

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