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Metabolic alterations in human synovial lining cells in pigmented villonodular synovitis.
  1. B Henderson,
  2. L Bitensky,
  3. J J Johnstone,
  4. A Catterall,
  5. J Chayen


    Synovial tissue from 3 patients with villonodular synovitis has been examined by quantitative cytochemistry. Considerable changes in the metabolism of the synoviocytes have been observed. These included a massive rise in the activity of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase to levels even greater than those found in rheumatoid arthritis, and a significant rise in the activity of 2 glycolytic enzymes, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and lactate dehydrogenase. Lysosomal napthhylamidase showed raised activity with no latency. The sulphydryl content in the synoviocytes was raised, as was the amount of available phospholipid. This pattern of metabolic alterations is similar to that found in human rheumatoid synoviocytes.

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