Objectives According to guidelines, a nationwide non-medical switch from originator (INX, Remicade) to biosimilar infliximab (Remsima, CT-P13) was conducted in Danish patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA). We investigated disease activity before/after switching and retention rates in the DANBIO registry.
Methods Disease activities 3 months before and after switch and changes over time were calculated. Flare was defined as change in 28 Joint Disease Activity Score (∆DAS28) ≥1.2 (RA/PsA) or Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (∆ASDAS) ≥1.3 (AxSpA). Crude and adjusted retention rates were compared with a historic cohort of INX-treated patients.
Results Eight hundred and two patients switched (403 RA/120 PsA/279 AxSpA; 51% women, age (median (IQR): 55 (44-66)) years). Follow-up was 413 (339–442) days. Prior INX treatment duration was 6.8 (4.3–9.5) years. Disease activities were similar 3 months before/after switch. Crude 1-year CT-P13 retention rate (84.1 (95% CI 81.3 to 86.5)) was similar to the historic IFX cohort (86.2 (95% CI 84.0 to 88.0), p=0.22). The adjusted absolute retention rates were 83.4 (95% CI 80.8 to 86.2) and 86.8% (95% CI 84.8 to 88.8), respectively (p=0.03). In total 132 patients withdrew (lack of effect: 71/132=54%, adverse events: 37/132=28%). Patients with previous INX treatment duration >5 years had longer CT-P13 retention.
Conclusion In 802 arthritis patients treated with INX for median >6 years, a nationwide non-medical switch to CT-P13 had no negative impact on disease activity. Adjusted 1-year CT-P13 retention rate was slightly lower than for INX in a historic cohort.
- Outcomes research
- Ankylosing Spondylitis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
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Contributors BG and MLH contributed to the study design.
BG, MLH, NSK and LP contributed to data analyses and interpretation.
All authors contributed to data collection and contributed to and approved the final manuscript.
Funding The study was funded in part by a research grant from AbbVie.
Competing interests BG: AbbVie; IMJH: Roche; AGL, MLH: AbbVie, BMS, MSD, Pfizer, Roche and UCB; the remaining authors: none declared.
Ethics approval According to Danish legislation, registration and publication of data from clinical registries do not require patient consent or approval by ethics committees.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.