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A tailored approach to reduce dose of anti-TNF drugs may be equally effective, but substantially less costly than standard dosing in patients with ankylosing spondylitis over 1 year: a propensity score-matched cohort study
  1. Jakub Závada1,
  2. Michal Uher2,
  3. Katarína Sisol1,
  4. Šárka Forejtová1,
  5. Kateřina Jarošová1,
  6. Heřman Mann1,
  7. Jiří Vencovský1,
  8. Karel Pavelka1
  1. 1Institute of Rheumatology and First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
  2. 2Institute of Biostatistics and Analyses, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jakub Závada, Institute of Rheumatology, Na Slupi 4, Praha 2, 12850, Czech Republic; zavada{at}revma.cz

Abstract

Objective To compare the effectiveness, safety and costs of standard versus individually tailored reduced doses of anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) drugs in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) after achieving low-disease activity.

Methods This was a single-centre prospective observational study performed within the ATTRA registry. The anti-TNF dose tapering strategy was chosen by treating physicians, without prespecified protocol. We used propensity score (PS) methodology to identify two cohorts of patients matched for relevant baseline characteristics who were treated with either reduced (n=53) or standard (n=83) doses of TNF inhibitors. One-year outcomes and costs of anti-TNF drugs were compared between both PS-matched cohorts.

Results In the reduced dosing group, the median dose of TNF inhibitor corresponded to 0.67 and 0.5 of the standard dose initially and at 12 months respectively, and 21% of patients required return to standard dosing regimen. The mean change per year in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Activity Index, C-reactive protein , Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index and Bath AS functional index, as well as quality-adjusted life-year area under the curve were no different between both groups. The HR (95% CI) of reduced versus standard dosing group for relapse and any adverse event was 1.46 (0.66 to 3.19) and 0.56 (0.22 to 1.44), respectively. Mean difference (95% CI) in cost of anti-TNF drugs was €−4214 (−4707 to −3701) per year of treatment in favour of reduced dosing strategy.

Conclusions In patients with AS after reaching low-disease activity, a tailored approach to reduce doses of anti-TNF drugs produced similar clinical outcomes at 1 year, but was substantially less costly.

  • Anti-TNF
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Treatment

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