Objective To investigate the possibility of drug-free remission in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in continuous remission.
Methods Prospective observational study in disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)-treated PsA patients in continuous disease remission (no musculoskeletal symptoms, no or minimal skin/nail disease) for at least 6 months. Demographic, disease-specific and ultrasound parameters were assessed at baseline. DMARDs (traditional or biologic) were discontinued at the initial visit, and patients were followed for a maximum of 6 months for recurrence of disease.
Results 26 patients (methotrexate monotherapy: N=14; tumour necrosis factor inhibitors: N=12) with a mean age of 55.2 years, absence of musculoskeletal symptoms and minimal skin disease (mean Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI): 0.21) were enrolled. Incidence of recurrence of disease was high (N=20, 76.9%) and occurred rapidly (74.50±51.72 days) after treatment discontinuation. Male PsA patients were significantly more likely to lose remission. Long disease duration, more severe skin involvement and the presence of synovial hypertrophy by ultrasonographic examination at baseline decreased the likelihood for drug-free remission. Reinitiation of DMARDs promptly restored remission in all PsA patients with recurrence of disease.
Conclusions This study shows that the chance to reach drug-free remission in PsA patients is low. Discontinuation of DMARD therapy cannot be recommended in patients with PsA.
- Psoriatic Arthritis
- Disease Activity
- DMARDs (biologic)
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.